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Posts tagged Kenya

Climate Change and Fluctuating Water Levels in Lake Victoria, East Africa – April 5th, 2013

1.2S 32.7E

April 5th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Image of the day, Lakes

Uganda – April 3rd, 2013

Lake Victoria (below) is the second largest fresh water lake in the world and is shared by three East African States: Kenya (6%), Tanzania (52%) and Uganda (42%). The lake has a total length of 3,440 kms and 240 kms wide from East to West and is 1,134 meters above sea level with maximum depth of 82m. Its surface area is 68,870 km2, with a catchment area of 180,950 km2. The lake is generally shallow with maximum depth of 84 meters and mean depth of 40 meters.

Lake Victoria has historically had abundant fish catches; however, these have a positive correlation with the lake’s water level, which has been fluctuating due to climate change and human activities in the region. Catches reduced to between 60% and 70% during the current reduction of water level in Nyanza Gulf. There is increased pressure on land for agricultural use due to population pressure in the country, and increased demand for water related usage for socioeconomic development across the region (click here for more information).

Climate Change and Dropping Water Levels of Lake Turkana, Kenya – February 11th, 2013

3.6N 36.0E

February 11th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Image of the day, Lakes

Kenya – January 28th, 2013

Lake Turkana, in Kenya, has gone through a history of climactic changes that gave rise to some species and led to the extinction of others – a history that could now be repeated. Water levels in the lake have dropped considerably over the last thirty years, leaving just sand and gravel in areas that used to be fertile fishing grounds. And scientists believe that in just a few decades the lake will be reduced to a couple of puddles. Upriver dam projects could further hasten the retreat, a potential catastrophe for the entire region that depends on the lake for food and economic survival.

Turkwel River Entering Lake Turkana, Kenya

1.4N 32.8E

December 10th, 2012 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Uganda and Kenya – December 4th, 2012

Several lakes can be seen by the Uganda-Kenya-Tanzania (clockwise from lower left) border area. Visible at the lower left is Lake Victoria, the largest lake in Africa. To its north is the irregularly shaped Lake Kyoga. In the upper right corner is Lake Turkana, colored by algal growth and sediments, some of which enter from the Turkwel River, which can be seen flowing across Kenya and into the southern part of the lake, on the western side.

Sediments in Lakes Turkana and Abaya; Fire in Uganda

6.3N 37.8E

November 28th, 2012 Category: Fires, Lakes

Kenya – November 25th, 2012

Visible near the center of this image is Lake Turkana, in the Kenyan Rift Valley, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia. Visible west of the lake, near the left edge of the image, is a plume of smoke from a fire just across the Ugandan border, blowing due westward.

Visible northeast of Lake Turkana is Lake Abaya, in Ethiopia, in the Main Ethiopian Rift, east of the Guge Mountains. The lake is brown in color due to a high load of suspended sediments. Upon opening the full image, Lake Tana, also in Ethiopia, can be seen near the top edge.

Colorful Hues of Lake Turkana, Kenya

3.5N 36.0E

November 26th, 2012 Category: Lakes

Kenya – November 25th, 2012

Lake Turkana, formerly known as Lake Rudolf, is a lake in the Kenyan Rift Valley, with its far northern end crossing into Ethiopia. It is the world’s largest permanent desert lake and the world’s largest alkaline lake. Here, sediments and algae color the northern reaches of the lake appear brown with a dark green patch, fading to light green, and then again to dark green in the southern reaches.

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