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Kathmandu Surrounded by Himalayas in Nepal – April 26th, 2012

27.7N 85.3E

April 26th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains, Rivers

Nepal and India - January 9th, 2012

The white area surrounded by the Himalayas in the center of the top part of this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image is the city of Kathmandu, Nepal. The city stands at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 ft), in the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley in central Nepal, surrounded by four major hills: Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun and Chandragiri.

Visible south of Kathmandu is the city of Paṭnā, the capital of the Indian state of Bihar and the second largest city in Eastern India (in terms of population). It is situated on the southern bank of the Ganges. The city also straddles the rivers Sone, Gandak and Punpun Rivers, all visible on the left side of the image. The city is approximately 35 km long and 16 km to 18 km wide.

Lake Paiku on the Tibetan Plateau, China

28.9N 85.5E

April 14th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

Lake Paiku (top center) is located on the Tibetan Plateau, “The Roof of the World”, at 4,591 meters (15,070 ft). The lake is 27 km (17 miles) long and 6 km (4 miles) wide at its narrowest point. Here, part of its southeastern section is covered in ice.

Surrounded by rugged mountains on three sides that reach altitudes in excess of 5,725 meters (19,000 ft). Streams fed by glaciers cascade to the valley floor south of Lake Paiku, but only a few streams actually reach the lake.

Moving southward into the mountains of the Himalayas, the capital city of Nepal, Kathmandu, appears as a greyish area in the Kathmandu Valley. The snow peaks of the Mahabharat Lekh range of the Himalayas rise in the north providing the scenic backdrop to the city.

Nepal’s Chitwan National Park, Between the Gandaki River and Kathmandu – April 7th, 2010

27.4N 84.4E

April 7th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains, Rivers

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

The northwestern parts of the dark green area below the Himalayas in this image of Nepal and India, belongs to the Chitwan National Park. Established in 1973, it is the first national park in Nepal.

The park covers an area of 932 km2 and is located in the subtropical Inner Terai lowlands of south-central Nepal in the Chitwan district. In altitude it ranges from about 100 metres (330 ft) in the river valleys to 815 metres (2,674 ft) in the Churia Hills.

In the north and west of the protected area the Narayani-Rapti river system forms a natural boundary to human settlements. Adjacent to the east of Chitwan National Park is Parsa Wildlife Reserve, contiguous in the south is the Indian Tiger Reserve Valmiki National Park. The coherent protected area of 2,075 km2 represents the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Chitwan-Parsa-Valmiki, which covers a 3.549 km2 huge block of alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests.

Visible flowing to the west of the park, in a whitish-tan diagonal line that crosses the lighter green landscape of India, is the Gandaki River, one of the major rivers of Nepal and a left bank tributary of the Ganges in India. It is also known as the Narayani in southern Nepal and the Gandak in India.

Also of note is the city of Kathmandu, the capital and largest metropolitan city of Nepal, visible as a greyish area in the upper right quadrant. The city is the urban core of the bowl-shaped Kathmandu Valley in the Himalayas, standing at an elevation of approximately 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) and surrounded by four major mountains, namely: Shivapuri, Phulchowki, Nagarjun and Chandragiri.

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