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Posts tagged Karnataka

Bangalore and Tumkur on the Mysore Plateau, India

12.9N 77.5E

March 15th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

India - February 18th, 2011

The city of Bangalore appears as an expansive yellow area in the lower left quadrant of this APM image. Seventy kilometers to the northwest, near the left edge of the image, lies the smaller city of Tumkur.

Bangalore (also known as Bengaluru) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located in the heart of the Mysore Plateau (a region of the larger Deccan Plateau) in the south-eastern part of Karnataka. Bangalore is India’s third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration.

Biligiriranga Hills and Kaveri River, India

11.9N 77.1E

March 9th, 2011 Category: Mountains, Rivers

India - February 18th, 2011

The Biligiriranga Hills run vertically across this APM image. They are a hill range situated in south-eastern Karnataka, at its border with Tamil Nadu in South India. The hills link the Eastern Ghats and the Western Ghats and form a distinctly unusual ridge running north-south, rising to heights of 1800 m.

Running across the upper part of the image, just north of the Biligiriranga Hills, is the Kaveri River. The river originates in the Western Ghats in the state of Karnataka, flows generally south and east through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, across the southern Deccan plateau through the southeastern lowlands, and finally empties into the Bay of Bengal.

Rivers and Hills of Central-Southern India

14.0N 76.9E

April 21st, 2010 Category: Mountains, Rivers

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

Several rivers and areas of hills can be observed in this image of central-southern India and Sri Lanka. Between the two countries, sediments and algae are visible in the Palk Strait.

The green area in Karnataka, central India (upper right quadrant) is situated around the  Tungabhadra and the Vedavati Rivers, whose courses are dammed for electricity generation and irrigation.

Moving southward towards the tip of the country, several areas of hills appear as dark brown patches across the landscape. One of these is the U-shaped range of  Biligirirangan Hills, near the River Kaveri (Cauvery) and the Kabini River.

In between these green and brown areas, on the east coast, is the Pennar River. It can be identified as a tan line flowing across Andhra Pradesh.

Finally, to the southwest of the Biligirirangan Hills, nearing the west cast, are the Cardamom Hills. They are part of the southern Western Ghats mountain range and are dotted by clouds here.

Reservoirs on the Tungabhadra and Vedavati Rivers, India

15.2N 76.3E

April 16th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

The Tungabhadra River (above) is a sacred river in southern India that flows through the state of Karnataka to Andhra Pradesh, where it serves as the chief tributary of the Krishna River.

The Tunga Bhadra Reservoir is visible near the upper left edge, created by the construction of the Tunga Bhadra Dam across the river, near the town of Hosapete in Karnataka. The dam is considered to be a multipurpose dam, as it helps in the generation of electricity, irrigation of land, prevention and control of floods etc.

Another river and reservoir pair can be observed south of the Tungabhadra River: the Vani Villas Sagara Lake on the Vedavati River, near the town of Hiriyur in Karnataka. The dam is the oldest in the state, and was constructed to meet the water needs of the otherwise mostly dry district of Chitradurga.

Stanley, Krisha Raja Sagara and Kabini Reservoirs in Southern India

11.9N 77.7E

April 15th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

Several artificial reservoirs are visible near the Biligirirangan Hills (brown and green U-shaped area near image center), in southern India. These are the Stanley Reservoir, east of the hills and identifiable by its sideways V-shape, the Krishna Raja Sagara Lake, northwest of the hills, and the Kabini Reservoir, west of the hills.

The source of water for the Stanley Resersvoir is the River Kaveri (Cauvery), and the water is retained by the Mettur Dam, Tamil Nadu. Its total capacity is more than 90,000,000,000 cubic feet (90 tmc ft). The dam, which was completed in 1934, and the creation of the reservoir caused the submersion of two villages, all of whose inhabitants were relocated to Mettur.

Krishna Raja Sagara, is the name of both a lake and the dam that creates it. The dam, completed in 1924, is across Kaveri River, in Mandya District near Mysore in Karnataka state, India.

Finally, the huge Kabini Reservoir is situated along the Kabini River, close to the town of H D Kote. The backwaters of the Kabini Reservoir are very rich in wildlife especially in summer when the water level recedes to form rich grassy meadows. The Kabini Dam is 2,284 feet (696 m) in height with a gross storage of 19.52tmcft but has reduced considerably due to silt accumulation.