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Posts tagged Kainji Lake

Smoke Across Southern West Africa, Over Volta and Kainji Lakes

7.1N 0.1E

December 21st, 2012 Category: Fires

West Africa – December 21st, 2012

Smoke, perhaps mixed with dust from the Bodélé Depression, hangs in the air over the West African nations of Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana and Côte d’Ivoire (from right to left). Partially visible through the haze is Lake Volta (near center), on the Volta River in Ghana and Kainji Lake (near right edge), a reservoir on the Niger River in Nigeria.

Smoke Over Nigeria and Kainji Lake

10.3N 4.6E

November 29th, 2012 Category: Fires

Kenya – November 25th, 2012

Smoke hangs over Nigeria, reaching to the shoreline and the Atlantic Ocean. Partially visible through the smoke is Kainji Lake, left of center, in the western part of the country. Appearing golden green in color through the haze, this reservoir on the Niger River was formed by the Kainji Dam in the late 1960s. In the full image, Lake Chad can be seen at the upper right, although the smoke does not reach its shores.

Kainji Lake in Western Nigeria

10.3N 4.6E

July 8th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Nigeria - July 7th, 2011

This image focuses on the border area by Nigeria (right), Benin (left) and Niger (above). The land in Niger appears significantly more arid than that of its southern neighbors.

Visible in western Nigeria, in the lower right quadrant, is Kainji Lake, a reservoir on the Niger River, formed by the Kainji Dam. The dam generates power for most towns in Nigeria.

Niger River Running Through Kainji Lake, Nigeria

10.3N 4.5E

January 24th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Niger, Benin and Nigeria - January 24th, 2011

The Niger River runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, on the border with Benin and then through Nigeria. Here, it can be seen flowing across southwestern Niger, along the Benin border and through part of Nigeria.

In western Nigeria, it flows through Kainji Lake, visible by the lower right corner. The reservoir, gold and green from sediments and algae, was formed by the Kainji Dam.

Kainji Lake and National Park, Nigeria

10.3N 4.5E

December 24th, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Nigeria - December 16th, 2009

Nigeria - December 16th, 2009

Kainji Lake, in western Nigeria, is a reservoir on the Niger River, formed by the Kainji Dam. It was formed in 1968 and is a part of Niger State and Kebbi State. Kainji Lake National Park (KNLP), situated around the lake, is Nigeria’s oldest National Park, established in 1976.

Kainji Lake National Park (KNLP) is situated 560 km north of Lagos, close to the border with the Republic of Benin. It comprises two sectors (Borgu and Zugurma) which are separated by Kainji Lake. Only the Borgu (western) sector is currently used for tourism; the Zugurma (eastern) sector lacks infrastructure, including access roads.

The topography of the park is gently undulating with a general decrease in elevation from west to east. The Borgu sector is drained mainly by the Oli, Timo and Doro rivers and their tributaries, while the Zugurma sector is drained by the Maingyara and Nuwa Tizururu rivers. The vegetation of the park is typical of the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic, although in some areas it appears more Sahelian. Riparian forests occur on the banks of the larger watercourses.

Although the area around the park has a relatively low population density, numerous human activities adversely affect the park. These include deforestation, uncontrolled burning and illegal grazing and are particularly prevalent in the Zugurma sector. Wild mammals occur at relatively low densities due to illegal hunting. Lake Kainji has suffered a dramatic decline as a fishery due to the high numbers of artisanal and subsistence fisherfolk using the lake. It has been suggested that a period of closure, together with controlled fishing rights may help improve fish stocks.

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