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Posts tagged Jordan

The Middle East, from Vegetated Coast to Desert

32.4N 37.1E

April 4th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Middle East - March 30th, 2011

Much of the eastern and southern parts of this image, stretching across Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula, Israel/Palestine, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Syria (counterclockwise from bottom left), appears quite arid.

However, the coastal areas of Israel/Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey (south to north) show greener, more vegetated land. The valley along the Euphrates River is also vegetated. Other notable features include Lake Assad (above) and the Dead Sea (below).

Circular Fields in Saudi Arabia by Jordan Border – December 4th, 2010

December 4th, 2010 Category: Image of the day

Jordan and Saudi Arabia - November 28th, 2010

The green area in the upper right quadrant of this image is composed of many circular irrigated fields on the usually dry terrain of Saudi Arabia, near the Jordan border. The fields are situated around the settlement of Al Basayta.

The fields are able to flourish in the arid region due to center-pivot irrigation, also called circle irrigation, a method of crop irrigation in which equipment rotates around a pivot.

Central pivot irrigation is a form of overhead (sprinkler) irrigation consisting of several segments of pipe (usually galvanized steel or aluminium) joined together and supported by trusses, mounted on wheeled towers with sprinklers positioned along its length. The machine moves in a circular pattern and is fed with water from the pivot point at the center of the circle.

Sun Glint on Sea of Galilee and Dead Sea

44.8N 73.6W

June 9th, 2010 Category: Lakes

Israel/Palestine and Jordan - June 2nd, 2010

Israel/Palestine and Jordan - June 2nd, 2010

The Dead Sea is a landlocked salt lake between Israel/Palestine and Jordan. Here, both the Dead Sea (below) and the Sea of Galilee (above) appear whitish silver due to sun glint.

The Dead Sea is the lowest body of water on Earth, it averages about 1,312 ft (400 m) below sea level. It is 50 mi (80 km) long and up to 11 mi (18 km) wide.

Its eastern shore is Jordanian, while the southern half of its western shore is Israeli; the northern half of the western shore is within the West Bank, occupied by Israel since the Six-Day War (1967).

Dust Blowing Over the Nile River Delta, Egypt – June 5th, 2010

30.0N 31.2E

June 5th, 2010 Category: Dust Storms, Image of the day

Egypt - June 2nd, 2010

Egypt - June 2nd, 2010



Dust from the Sahara Desert blows northwards across Egypt, over the Nile River Delta and above the Mediterranean Sea towards Cyprus. The close-up focuses on the dust partially veiling the delta region.

In the main image, the Sinai Peninsula and Middle Eastern nations such as Israel/Palestine, Jordan and Syria are visible to the east of the delta.

Jordan River Flowing into the Dead Sea

31.5N 35.5E

December 27th, 2009 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Dead Sea - December 19th, 2009

Dead Sea - December 19th, 2009

The Jordan River is a 251 kilometre (156 mile) long river in Southwest Asia which flows vertically through the center of this image, into the Dead Sea. The last section, between the Sea of Galilee and the Dead Sea, has the least gradient. Thus, the river begins to meander before it enters the Dead Sea, which is about 400 metres below sea level and has no outlet. Two major tributaries enter from the east during this last phase: the Yarmouk River and Jabbok River.

In 1964, Israel began operating a dam that diverts water from the Sea of Galilee, a major Jordan River water provider, to the National Water Carrier. Also in 1964, Jordan constructed a channel that diverted water from the Yarmouk River. Syria has also built reservoirs that catch the Yarmouk’s waters. Environmentalists blame Israel, Jordan and Syria for extensive damage to the Jordan River ecosystem.

In modern times, the waters are 70% to 90% used for human purposes and the flow is much reduced. Because of this and the high evaporation rate of the Dead Sea, the sea is shrinking. All the shallow waters of the southern end of the sea have been drained in modern times and are now salt flats.

In 2007, Friends of the Earth Middle East named the Jordan River as one of the world’s 100 most endangered ecological sites, due in part to lack of cooperation between Israel and the neighboring Arab states.