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Posts tagged Iraq

Plume of Dust Blowing Across Iraq

30.0N 48.5E

June 16th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Dust Storms MODISAqua

Iraq – June 16th, 2013

A plume of dust blows southeastward across Iraq, by the Tigris-Euphrates River Valley, across the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab and over the northern end of the Persian Gulf. Iraq is considered one of the region’s most vulnerable countries to climate change and it faces a unique set of environmental challenges.

Rising environmental degradation and increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, especially sand and dust storms, take an enormous toll on socio-economic life and human development across the region.

In Iraq, the Ministry of Environment recorded 122 dust-storms and 283 dusty days and sources suggest that within the next ten years, Iraq could witness 300 dust-storms per year. These projections underscore the urgent need for a concerted regional effort to address the phenomenon today (click here for more information).

Dust Arching Over Persian Gulf, from Iraq to Saudi Arabia

29.2N 49.2E

June 3rd, 2013 Category: Dust Storms VIIRSSuomi-NPP

Persian Gulf – June 1st, 2013

Plumes of dust arch southeastward and then southwestward from the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab, in Iraq, between the borders of Iran (upper right) and Kuwait (upper left), across the northern part of the Persian Gulf, to Saudi Arabia. Since uninhabited sandy deserts comprise most of Saudi Arabia’s and the Middle East’s land surface, it is easy for strong winds to pick up dust and create storms over the region.

Dust Over Mouth of Shatt al-Arab, Iraq and Kuwait

29.9N 48.7E

June 2nd, 2013 Category: Dust Storms, Rivers

Persian Gulf – June 1st, 2013

Dust blows off the coasts of Iraq (above) and Kuwait (left) and over the Persian Gulf. The plume of dust partially obscures the Shatt al-Arab, the river formed by the confluence of the Tigris and the Euphrates, and its mouth on the northern end of the gulf.

Dust Over Northern End of Persian Gulf

29.2N 49.1E

May 31st, 2013 Category: Dust Storms

Persian Gulf – May 30th, 2013

A plume of dust spreads diagonally across the northern part of the Persian Gulf, just south of the mouth of the Shatt al-Arab. The Shatt al-Arab is a river in Southwest Asia of some 200 km (120 mi) in length, formed by the confluence of the Euphrates and the Tigris. The southern end of the river constitutes the border between Iraq and Iran down to the mouth of the river as it discharges into the Persian Gulf.

Dust and Desertification in Iraq

33.9N 43.2E

May 19th, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Dust Storms, Rivers

Iraq – May 19th, 2013

Some dust blows over the Tigris and Euphrates River Valley in Iraq. Iraq suffers from desertification and soil salination due in large part to thousands of years of agricultural activity. Water and plant life are sparse. Saddam Hussein’s government water-control projects drained the inhabited marsh areas east of An Nasiriyah by drying up or diverting streams and rivers.

The marshlands were a fine and extensive natural wetlands ecosystem which developed over thousands of years in the Tigris–Euphrates basin and once covered 15–20,000 square kilometers. Between 84% and 90% of the marshes have been destroyed since the 1970s. In 1994, 60 percent of the wetlands were destroyed by Hussein’s regime – drained to permit military access and greater political control of the native Marsh Arabs.

The drying of the marshes led to the disappearance of the salt-tolerant vegetation; the plankton rich waters that fertilized surrounding soils; 52 native fish species; the wild boar, red fox, buffalo and water birds of the marsh habitat.

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