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Posts tagged Indo-Gangetic Plain

Veiled Skies Over the Indo-Gangetic Plain Below Himalayas, India

28.1N 79.8E

June 20th, 2010 Category: Fires, Mountains

India - June 2nd, 2010

India - June 2nd, 2010

Smoke veils the Gangetic Plain at the foot of the Himalayas in northern India, south of Nepal and Tibet, China. This area of the plain frequently appears smoky due to agricultural fires set to clear fields.

The Indo-Gangetic Plain is an extensive north-central section of the Indian subcontinent, stretching westward from (and including) the combined delta of the Brahmaputra River valley and the Ganges (Ganga) River to the Indus River valley. The region contains the subcontinent’s richest and most densely populated areas.

The greater part of the plain is made up of alluvial soil, deposited by the three main rivers and their tributaries. The eastern part of the plain has light rains or drought in the winter, but in summer rainfall is so heavy that vast areas become swamps or shallow lakes.

New Delhi South of the Himalayas, India

28.6N 77.2E

March 31st, 2010 Category: Mountains

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

New Delhi, identifiable here as a greyish-tan patch south of the Himalayas and just below the image center, is the capital of India. It is situated within the metropolis of Delhi and serves as the seat of the Government of India and the Government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi.

With a total area of 42.7 km2, New Delhi forms a small part of the Delhi metropolitan area and is located on the Indo-Gangetic Plain, because of which there is little difference in the city’s altitude. The second feature is the Yamuna floodplains; New Delhi lies west of the Yamuna River, although for the most part, New Delhi is a landlocked city.

Lakes on the “Roof of the World”, China

31.8N 89.0E

February 12th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

China - January 7th, 2010

China - January 7th, 2010

The Tibetan Plateau is a vast, elevated plateau in Central Asia covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in China and Ladakh in Kashmir, India. It occupies an area of around 1,000 by 2,500 kilometers, and has an average elevation of over 4,500 meters.

Sometimes called “the roof of the world,” it is the highest and biggest plateau, with an area of 2.5 million square kilometers (about four times the size of Texas or France). The plateau is a high-altitude arid steppe interspersed with mountain ranges and large brackish lakes. Annual precipitation ranges from 100 mm to 300 mm and falls mainly as hailstorms.

Near the south the plateau is transected by the Yarlung Tsangpo River valley which flows along the base of the Himalayas, and by the vast Indo-Gangetic Plain. The southern and eastern edges of the steppe have grasslands which can sustainably support populations of nomadic herdsmen, although frost occurs for six months of the year.

The Fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, India

February 27th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

The Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayas, India - February 25th, 2009

The Indo-Gangetic Plain and the Himalayas, India - February 25th, 2009

The Indo-Gangetic Plain (also known as the Northern Plain and the North Indian River Plain) is a large and fertile plain, appearing dark green and brown, in contrast to the snow-covered mountains above.

It encompasses most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. The section visible here is around the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India.

The plain is bound to the north by the abruptly rising Himalayas, which feed its numerous rivers and are the source of the fertile alluvium deposited across the region by the two river systems.

The southern edge of the plain is marked by the Vindhya- and Satpura Range, and the Chota Nagpur Plateau. On the west rises the Iranian Plateau.

The plain is named after the Indus and the Ganges, the twin river systems that drain it.

The region is one of the most populated areas on Earth, being home to nearly 900 million people (or over 1/7th of the world’s population).

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