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Climate Change and Water Resources in Gujarat, India

21.8N 72.3E

May 28th, 2013 Category: Climate Change

India – May 28th, 2013

This image focuses on the Indian state of Gujarat, located in the western part of the country, with a population of 56 million with an area of 196024 Scientists studying climate change in the region have observed that the frequency of hot days shows a gradual increasing trend and the frequency of cold days shows a decreasing trend.

In India, the mean sea‐level rise is estimated to be about 1.3 mm/year on an average. This will lead to an increase in salinity, affecting habitats, agriculture and availability of fresh water for drinking, particularly in states such as Gujarat with large stretches of coastline (click here for more information). Here the Gulf of Kutch (above) and the Bay of Khambhat (below) can be observed.

Dust Over China, India and Pakistan

35.6N 74.3E

May 21st, 2013 Category: Deserts, Dust Storms, Mountains

China – May 20th, 2013

Airborne dust can be seen along the northern and southern rims of the Taklamakan Desert (above). Across the Himalayas to the southwest, haze, possibly a combination of dust and smoke, can be seen as well as over northern Pakistan and India (lower left quadrant).

Vastness of Tibetan Plateau; Cities of Northern India

27.4N 84.9E

May 20th, 2013 Category: Climate Change

India – May 19th, 2013

The populated cities of northern India (below) stand in contrast to the seemingly vacant terrain of the Tibetan Plateau (above), a vast, elevated plateau covering most of the Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province in western China, as well as part of Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir.

It stretches approximately 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) north to south and 2,500 kilometres (1,600 mi) east to west. With an average elevation exceeding 4,500 metres (14,800 ft), the Tibetan Plateau is sometimes called “the Roof of the World” and is the world’s highest and largest plateau, with an area of 2,500,000 square kilometres (970,000 sq mi).

The Tibetan Plateau contains the world’s third-largest store of ice. Experts have warned that the recent fast pace of melting and warmer temperatures will be good for agriculture and tourism in the short term; but issued a strong warning for the future: temperatures are rising four times faster than elsewhere in China, and the Tibetan glaciers are retreating at a higher speed than in any other part of the world. First, this will cause lakes to expand and bring floods and mudflows. In the long run, the glaciers are vital lifelines for Asian rivers, including the Indus and the Ganges. Once they vanish, water supplies in those regions will be in peril.

Tropical Storm Mahasen (01B) Makes Landfall Over Bangladesh – May 17th, 2013

21.5N 90.7E

May 17th, 2013 Category: Tropical Storms

Tropical Storm Mahasen (01B) – May 16th, 2013

Enhanced image

Track of Tropical Storm Mahasen  (01B) - May 14th, 2013 © Univ. of Wisconsin

Track of TC 01B

Tropical Storm Mahasen (01B) located approximately 53 nm southeastward of Dhaka, Bangladesh, has tracked north-northeastward at 22 knots over the past six hours.

Animated multispectral satellite imagery (MSI) reveals tc mahasen has made landfall northwest of Chittagong, Bangladesh and is rapidly falling apart as the system has become disorganized. Radar imagery from Kolkata, India additionally shows the rapid weakening as convection has shallowed.

Tropical Storm Mahasen (01B) Dissipating

17.0N 84.3E

May 17th, 2013 Category: Tropical Storms

Tropical Storm Mahasen (01B) – May 15th, 2013

Enhanced image

Track of Tropical Storm Mahasen  (01B) - May 14th, 2013 © Univ. of Wisconsin

Track of TC 01B

Tropical Storm Mahasen (01B) is forecast to accelerate into the mid-latitude westerlies and track across northeastern india while continually

weakening as it encounters rugged terrain and high (30 to 40 knots)
vertical wind shear. The system will dissipate below 35 knots in the
next 12 hours due to these unfavorable conditions.

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