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Posts tagged Iceland

Phytoplankton Bloom West of Iceland

65.1N 25.5W

July 12th, 2012 Category: Phytoplankton

Iceland – July 11th, 2012

A blue and green phytoplankton bloom hangs in the waters west of Iceland, in the Irminger Sea (below) and Denmark Strait (above), which separated Iceland and Greenland. The bloom is situated west of the Westfjords Peninsula, the large, mountainous peninsula to the left, and west of the smaller Snæfellsnes peninsula, to the south of the former.

Glaciers and Mountains of Iceland’s Highlands

64.8N 20.1W

June 14th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Iceland - June 9th, 2012

Iceland is located in the North Atlantic Ocean. Though Iceland is nearer to Greenland (North America) than Europe, the island is generally included in Europe for historical, political, cultural, and practical reasons. Geologically the island is part of both continental plates.

Iceland is the world’s 18th largest island. The main island is 101,826 km2 (39,315 sq mi), but the entire country is 103,000 km2 (39,768.5 sq mi) in size, of which 62.7% is tundra. Lakes and glaciers cover 14.3%; only 23% is vegetated. Many fjords punctuate its 4,970-km-long coastline, which is also where most settlements are situated. The island’s interior, the Highlands of Iceland, is a cold and uninhabitable combination of sand and mountains. Here, mountain tops and glaciers appear bright white, while the sandier portions of the highlands, as well as many coastal areas, appear brown.

Phytoplankton Bloom South of Iceland

63.6N 16.6W

June 4th, 2012 Category: Phytoplankton

Iceland - June 1st, 2012

A phytoplankton bloom can be seen in the waters south of Iceland, giving the North Atlantic swirls of greenish-blue color. Such blooms are common in the North Atlantic in late spring. This is because warm, less dense water stays near the surface, where there are abundant nutrients and sunlight, permitting phytoplankton to reproduce and grow rapidly (click here for previous images of phytoplankton blooms near Iceland).

Ice and Phytoplankton in Atlantic Near Iceland

64.6N 27.2W

May 29th, 2012 Category: Phytoplankton

Iceland - May 28th, 2012

The swirls of two very different phenomenon can be seen in the North Atlantic Ocean, near Iceland. In the upper part of the image are patterns of melting or freezing ice following the path of ocean currents. In the lower part of the image are the faint swirls of a phytoplankton bloom that is either beginning or reaching its end.

Reykjavík and Southern Coast of Iceland

October 13th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

Iceland - October 10th, 2011

This image shows the southern shoreline of Iceland, a European island country in the north Atlantic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior mainly consists of a plateau characterised by sand fields, mountains and glaciers, while many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands.

The capital and the largest city is Reykjavík, with the surrounding areas in the southwestern region of the country being home to two-thirds of the country’s population. Reykjavík can be observed on the southern shores of Faxaflói Bay, a bay in Southwest-Iceland between the peninsulas of Snæfellsnes and Reykjanes. The capital of the island, Reykjavík, is situated on its southern shore.