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Posts tagged Iberian Peninsula

Climate Change and the Iberian Peninsula

40.4N 3.7W

March 22nd, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Spain – March 20th, 2013

This image offers a look at the Iberian Peninsula, with Portugal by the west coast and Spain occupying the rest of the territory. A recent assessment report has found that the southern Iberian Peninsula could be one of the regions most affected by increase in year-to-year variability in summer climates and thus a higher incidence of heat waves and droughts. Mediterranean droughts would start earlier in the year and last longer.

There is also evidence of significant recent range shifts to higher elevation, with some animal species shifting over 200m up in the lower elevational limit due to increased temperature. Treeline has also shifted to higher altitudes due to increased temperature (click here for more information).

Sediments from Guadalquivir River, Spain

36.7N 6.3W

December 7th, 2012 Category: Rivers, Sediments

Spain – December 2nd, 2012

Sediments pour from the Guadalquivir River into the Gulf of Cádiz, in the Atlantic Ocean. The Guadalquivir is the fifth longest river in the Iberian peninsula and the second longest river with its entire length in Spain.

The river is 657 kilometers long and drains an area of about 58,000 square kilometers. It begins at Cañada de las Fuentes in the Cazorla mountain range (Jaén), passes through Córdoba and Seville and ends at the fishing village of Bonanza, in Sanlúcar de Barrameda, flowing into the Gulf of Cádiz. The marshy lowlands at the river’s end are known as “Las Marismas”.

Dust Blowing Over Canary Islands and Madeira Archipelago

32.7N 16.9W

June 28th, 2012 Category: Dust Storms

Spain and Morocco – June 26th, 2012

Dust from the Sahara Desert blows off the coast of Mauritania, Western Sahara and Morocco, over the Canary Islands and the Madeira Archipelago (north of the former), and far north over the Atlantic Ocean. Here, the dust appears thickest in the lower left quadrant and just north of the Madeira Archipelago. Although the dust does not reach the Iberian Peninsula, it is not far from the coast, and some can be seen blowing towards the Strait of Gibraltar.

Arch of Dust from Morocco to Iberian Peninsula and Ship Tracks

31.9N 13.1W

June 25th, 2012 Category: Clouds, Dust Storms

Dust by Spain and Morocco - June 25th, 2012

A large arch of dust can be seen blowing northwestward over Morocco (lower right quadrant), off the coast of western Africa and over the Canary Islands (center of bottom edge), then curving northeastward towards the Iberian Peninsula (upper right quadrant). Also of note in the upper right quadrant are ship tracks, visible as three roughly parallel lines radiating outwards from a single point near the top edge. Ship tracks are clouds that form around the exhaust released by ships into the still ocean air.

Image from Last Data Sent to Earth by Envisat

40.4N 3.7W

April 15th, 2012 Category: Earth Observation

Spain and Portugal - April 8th, 2012

Radar image of the Envisat satellite

On the 8th of April, the European Space Agency unexpectedly lost control with its Envisat satellite, which has been transmitting data for the last 10 years and has completed over 50,000 orbits of our planet. This image of the Iberian Peninsula was generated from the last data trasmitted by the satellite. ESA’s mission control is working to re-establish contact with the satellite.

While it is known that Envisat remains in a stable orbit around Earth, efforts to resume contact with the satellite have, so far, not been successful.

From the ground, the German government’s Tracking and Imaging Radar, a 34-meter-diameter dish located near Bonn, took a radar image of Envisat that appears to confirm that the satellite has not broken apart following an in-orbit collision.