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Posts tagged Horn of Africa

Border Region of Ethiopia and Somalia

7.2N 45.5E

December 17th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

Somalia - December 11th, 2011

This image focuses on the border area of Ethiopia, with a surface area of 435,071 square miles (1,126,829 km2), and Somalia, 637,657 square kilometers (246,201 sq mi) of which constitutes land, with 10,320 square kilometers (3,980 sq mi) of water.

The major portion of Ethiopia and Somalia lie on the Horn of Africa. Within Ethiopia is a vast highland complex of mountains and dissected plateaus divided by the Great Rift Valley, which runs generally southwest to northeast and is surrounded by lowlands, steppes, or semi-desert. Somalia’s terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands.

Mountains and Lowlands of the Horn of Africa

9.3N 47.7E

November 18th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Somalia - November 14th, 2011

The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa that juts hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. It is the easternmost projection of the African continent, and denotes the region containing the countries of Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia.

The Horn of Africa covers approximately 2,000,000 km² (770,000 sq mi). It consists chiefly of mountains uplifted through the formation of the Great Rift Valley, with the highest peaks in the Semien Mountains of northwestern Ethiopia.

The lowlands of the Horn are generally arid in spite of their proximity to the equator. This is because the winds of the tropical monsoons that give seasonal rains to the Sahel and the Sudan blow from the west. Consequently, they lose their moisture upon reaching Djibouti and Somalia, with the result that most of the Horn receives little rainfall during the monsoon season. On the windward side in the west and center of Ethiopia and the extreme south of Eritrea, monsoonal rainfall is heavy.


Dust Plumes Off Socotra Island, Yemen

12.4N 53.8E

August 11th, 2011 Category: Dust Storms

Dust Near Gulf of Aden - August 11th, 2011

Dust blows over the Indian Ocean near the Gulf of Aden, between Somalia (below) and Yemen (above). Two thick plumes blow towards the northeast, off the island of Socotra (center right).

The island, which is part of Yemen, lies some 240 kilometres (150 mi) east of the Horn of Africa and 380 kilometres (240 mi) south of the Arabian Peninsula.  It has three geographical terrains: the narrow coastal plains, a limestone plateau permeated with karstic caves, and the Haghier Mountains. The mountains rise to 5,000 feet (1,500 m). The island is a little over 80 miles (130 km) long east to west and typically 18–22 miles (29–35 km) north to south.

Surud Mountains on the Horn of Africa, Somalia and Ethiopia

9.6N 48.3E

January 8th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Somalia - December 27th, 2010

The Surud Mountain Range appears as a green line parallel to the northern coast of Somalia on the “Horn of Africa”. The horn is a peninsula in East Africa that juts hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden.

With the exception of the green mountains, much of the rest of the peninsula appears covered by tan and red terrain. The red land belongs mostly to Ethiopia’s Somali Region, while the tan terrain is part of Somalia.

Somalia, the Easternmost Country in Africa

9.4N 48.7E

December 1st, 2010 Category: Mountains

Somalia- November 28th, 2010

This image focuses on Somalia, the easternmost country on the African continent. The terrain appears mostly dry, although a fertile green area can be observed along the northern coast by the Surud Mountain Range.

Upon opening the full image, the four islands of the Socotra archipelago can be observed off the coast of the Horn of Africa, in the Indian Ocean. The largest island, also called Socotra, is about 95% of the landmass of the archipelago. Despite its close proximity to Somalia, Socotra is part of the Republic of Yemen.