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Posts tagged Hirfanli Lake

Bright White Hypersaline Lake Tuz, Turkey

38.7N 33.3E

December 7th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Salt Flats

Turkey - November 25th, 2011

The saline Lake Tuz appears bright white in this image of central Anatolia, Turkey. To the north is the reservoir created by the Hirfanlı Dam, appearing dark blue in color.

Lake Tuz is the second largest lake in Turkey, with a surface area of 1,665 km2 (643 sq mi), and one of the largest hypersaline lakes in the world. The lake, occupying a tectonic depression in the central plateau of Turkey, is fed by two major streams, groundwater, and surface water, but has no outlet. Brackish marshes have formed where channels and streams enter the lake. Arable fields surround the lake, except in the south and southwest where extensive seasonally flooded salt-steppe occurs.

For most of the year, it is very shallow (approx.0.4 m (1 ft)). During winter part of the salt is dissolved in the fresh water that is introduced to the lake by precipitation and surface runoff (to 32.9% salinity). During the summer the lake dries up exposing an average of 30 cm thick salt layer in August. This mechanism is used as a basis for the process of the salt mines in the lake.

The Salty Lake Tuz, Turkey – January 19th, 2009

January 19th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Lake Tuz, Turkey - January 12th, 2009

Lake Tuz, Turkey - January 12th, 2009

Lake Tuz (Turkish: Tuz Gölü meaning Salt Lake) is the second biggest lake in Turkey, located in the Central Anatolia region.

As its primarily light tan color indicates, for most of the year the lake is very shallow (1-2 m).

It is normally 80 km long and 50 km wide, with an area of 1,600 km², at an elevation of 905 m above sea level.

The lake, occupying a tectonic depression in the central plateau of Turkey, is fed by two major streams, groundwater, and surface water, but has no outlet. Brackish marshes have formed where channels and streams enter the lake.

It is extremely saline and during the summer, when most of the water in the lake dries up and exposes an average of 30 cm thick salt layer.

During winter part of the salt is re-dissolved in the fresh water that is introduced to the lake by precipitation and surface runoff.

The dark blue, non saline lake just north of Lake Tuz is Lake Hirfanli, created by the Hirfanli Dam.

To see other lakes in Turkey, click here.

source Wikipedia