This image focuses on the Indian state of Gujarat, located in the western part of the country, with a population of 56 million with an area of 196024 sq.km. Scientists studying climate change in the region have observed that the frequency of hot days shows a gradual increasing trend and the frequency of cold days shows a decreasing trend.
In India, the mean sea‐level rise is estimated to be about 1.3 mm/year on an average. This will lead to an increase in salinity, affecting habitats, agriculture and availability of fresh water for drinking, particularly in states such as Gujarat with large stretches of coastline (click here for more information). Here the Gulf of Kutch (above) and the Bay of Khambhat (below) can be observed.