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Fires in Guatemala and Southern Mexico – May 21st, 2013

17.3N 91W

May 21st, 2013 Category: Fires, Image of the day

Mexico – May 21st, 2013

The locations of fires burning in southern Mexico, mostly on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, and in northern Guatemala are marked by red indicators in this image. Smoke from the fires blows over both countries and spreads northwestward across the Gulf of Mexico.

Cañadas Canyonlike Valleys and Montañas del Oriente by Mexico-Guatemala Border

15.9N 90.6W

February 15th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Mexico - January 3rd, 2012

This APM image shows a change from mountains to flat terrain by the border of Chiapas, Mexico and Guatemala. Visible in the upper left quadrant is the Lacandon Jungle (Spanish: Selva Lacandona), an area of rainforest which stretches from Chiapas, Mexico into Guatemala and into the southern part of the Yucatán Peninsula. The heart of this rainforest is located in the Montes Azules Biosphere Reserve in Chiapas near the border with Guatemala in the Montañas del Oriente region of the state.

The Lacandon has approximately 1.9 million hectares stretching from southeast Chiapas into northern Guatemala and into the southern Yucatán Peninsula. The Chiapas portion is located on the Montañas del Oriente (Eastern Mountains) centered on a series of canyonlike valleys called the Cañadas, between smaller mountain ridges oriented from northwest to southeast. It is bordered by the Guatemalan border on two sides with Comitán de Domínguez to the southwest and the city of Palenque to north.

The dark red spot near the right edge of the image is the Laguna Lachuá, a Karstic lake in Guatemala. It is located in the middle of a national park covered with tropical rain forest, northwest of Cobán, near the border between the departments of Alta Verapaz and El Quiché. The lake is near circular in shape and is probably a cenote or doline. The Peyan river forms the principal water inflow and the Lachua river its main outflow.

Terminos Lagoon, Chetumal Bay and Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, Yucatán Peninsula

18.5N 88.3W

January 13th, 2012 Category: Sediments

Mexico, Belize, Guatemala - January 6th, 2012

Sediments frame the Yucatán Peninsula, which comprises the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo; the northern part of the nation of Belize; and Guatemala’s northern El Petén Department. Several lagoons and bays are also visible near the shoreline, including Terminos Lagoon, on the west coast in the lower left quadrant, and Chetumal Bay, on the east coast at the center right.

Chetumal Bay is a large bay in northern Belize and eastern Mexico in the south of the Yucatán Peninsula. On the bay is the major city of Chetumal, in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. The mouth of the bay is redirected southward and buffered by a large Belizean island named Ambergris Caye. The bay is a part of the Caribbean Sea.

North of the bay is another smaller bay that is part of the Sian Ka’an Biosphere Reserve, in the municipality of Tulum in the Mexican state of Quintana Roo. It has been a Mexican national park since 1986. and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1987. Part of the reserve is on land and part is in the Caribbean Sea, including a section of coral reef. The reserve has an area of 5,280 km².

Vegetation Index of Yucatán Peninsula, Mexico – January 7th, 2012

20.0N 88.8W

January 7th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Vegetation Index

Mexico - January 6th, 2012

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of the Yucatán Peninsula. The peninsula comprises the Mexican states of Yucatán, Campeche, and Quintana Roo; the northern part of the nation of Belize; and Guatemala’s northern El Petén Department.

Photosynthetic activity is generally mixed between good (green) and high (rusty red) across the peninsula, with some areas of concentrated higher activity to the south and some areas of low activity (yellow) along the northern coast.

Tropical Storm Kenneth (13E) South of Mexico

15.2N 103W

November 21st, 2011 Category: Tropical Storms

Mexico - November 20th, 2011

A small part of Tropical Storm Kenneth can be seen south of Mexico in the lower left corner of this image. According to forecasters, it is the latest-forming tropical cyclone in the North Pacific east of 140°W since Tropical Depression Twenty-Two-E on November 24, 1987, as well as the latest forming named storm since Winnie in 1983. Since 1949, only a total of three storms are known to have formed later than this, the others being Sharon in 1971 and an unnamed storm in 1951.

Early on November 16, an area of disturbed weather formed several hundred miles to the south of the southern coast of Guatemala. For the next 3 days, the disturbance moved towards the west, as it gradually organized, displaying intense thunderstorm activity at times. By November 19, the disturbance had gained enough organization to be declared as a tropical depression, the thirteenth of the season. The next day, the depression organized enough to become a tropical storm, and earned the name Kenneth.

As of 1 p.m. PST (2100 UTC) November 20, Tropical Storm Kenneth was located within 40 nautical miles of 11.5°N 105.6°W, about 525 mi (845 km) south of Manzanillo, Mexico. Maximum sustained winds are 35 knots (40 mph, 65 km/h), with stronger gusts. Minimum central pressure is 1005 mbar (hPa; 29.68 InHg), and the system is moving west-northwest at 11 kt (13 mph, 20 km/h). Tropical storm force winds extend outward up to 115 miles (185 km) from the center of Kenneth.