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Posts tagged Greater Caucasus Mountains

Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains in Georgia by Black Sea – June 25th, 2012

42.2N 43.0E

June 25th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Black Sea - December 26th, 2011

Visible near the shores of the Black Sea in this wide-swath ASAR image of the country of Georgia are two large ridges of mountains: the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range (above) forms the northern border of Georgia, while the southern portion of the country is bounded by the Lesser Caucasus Mountains (below). The Greater Caucasus Mountain Range is much higher in elevation than the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, with the highest peaks rising more than 5,000 meters (16,404 ft) above sea level.

Great Caucasus Range and Turkey’s Pontic Range

41.6N 42.0E

September 3rd, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Turkey - August 30th, 2010

White snow and clouds cling to the peaks of two mountain ranges in this image: the Greater Caucasus Range, dividing Russia (above) and Georgia (below), and the Pontic Range, in Turkey.

The Pontic Range range runs roughly east-west through Turkey’s Black Sea Region, parallel and close to the southern coast of the Black Sea, and extends eastward to Georgia.

Access inland from the coast is limited to a few narrow valleys because mountain ridges, with elevations of 1,525 to 1,800 meters in the west and 3,000 to 4,000 meters in the east (in the Pontic Range’s Kaçkar Mountains), form an almost unbroken wall separating the coast from the interior.

Several lakes can also be observed here:  Lake Van, in Turkey, and Lake Urmia, in northwestern Iran. Lake Van is dark blue in color, while Lake Urmia, to its southeast, is reddish and ringed by white salt flats.

Caucasus Mountains to Crimean Peninsula: a Look at the Land North of the Black Sea

45.3N 36.6E

August 20th, 2010 Category: Rivers

Black Sea - July 17th, 2010

The peaks of the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range are white with snow, while their lower slopes appear dark green. Following the range to its western extreme, the Black Sea can be observed.

By continuing along the sea’s coastline in a westwardly direction, one comes to the Strait of Kerch, which connects the Black Sea  (below) and the Sea of Azov (above), separating the Kerch Peninsula (left) from the Taman Peninsula (right).

Some green sediments can be seen in the Sea of Azov, many of which come from the Don River. The rivermouth can be observed at the northeastern extremity of the sea,  an area known as Taganrog Bay.

On the west side of the Strait of Kerch lies the Crimean Peninsula. It is connected to mainland Ukraine by the Isthmus of Perekop. Several green and tan bodies of water can be seen across the isthmus in the full image; these are the salty, marshy inlets of the Sivash Sea.

Greater Caucasus Mountains and Mingechevir Reservoir in Azerbaijan – July 16th, 2010

40.7N 47.0E

July 16th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

Azerbaijan - July 5th, 2010

This orthorectified image shows part of Azerbaijan, from the Greater Caucasus Mountain Range to the north to the extensive flatlands at the country’s center. Approximately 40% of the country is covered by mountains.

South of the mountains, extending southeastward from the left edge, is the Mingechevir reservoir and hydroelectric power station. The length of the reservoir is 70 km, width from 3 to 18 km, deepest point about 75 meters and total area 605 km².

The city of Mingechevir is visible on the southern coast of the lake. It is split in two by the Kur River, a long, meandering stretch of which is visible in the lower part of the full image. The river has a length of 1,515 km.

Greater Caucasus Range Between Russia and Georgia – May 27th, 2010

42.9N 40.7E

May 27th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Russia and Georgia - April 28th, 2010

Russia and Georgia - April 28th, 2010

The Caucasus is a mountainous region, between the Black Sea (visible in the lower part of the image) and Caspian Sea. Occupying roughly 170,000 sq mi (440,000 sq km), it is divided among Russia, Georgia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia and forms part of the traditional dividing line between Europe and Asia.

It is bisected by the Caucasus Mountains; the area north of the Greater Caucasus range is called Ciscaucasia and the region to the south Transcaucasia. Here, part of the Greater Caucasus Range by the border of Russia (above) and Georgia (below) can be observed.

The Greater Caucasus is a major range of the Caucasus Mountains, extending west-east for about 750 miles (1,200 km) from the Taman Peninsula on the Black Sea to the Abşeron Peninsula on the Caspian Sea.

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