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Posts tagged Gangetic Plain

West Bengal, India, from Himalayas to Gangetic Plain

November 18th, 2011 Category: Mountains, Rivers

India - November 9th, 2011

This APM image shows rivers flowing down from the Himalayas in India and Bhutan (upper right), and across the Indian state of West Bengal, into Bangladesh.

As one can see from the contrast in this image, West Bengal encompasses two broad natural regions: the Gangetic Plain in the south and the sub-Himalayan and Himalayan area in the north.

The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres (34,267 sq mi). The Darjeeling Himalayan hill region in the northern extreme of the state belongs to the eastern Himalayas.  The narrow Terai region separates this region from the plains, which in turn transitions into the Ganges delta towards the south.

Ganges River Flowing Across Northern India

25.7N 83.6E

March 22nd, 2011 Category: Rivers

India - March 17th, 2011

The Ganges River flows across the top of this image of India, appearing as a tan line flowing southeastward from the Himalayas and (visible in the full image) then almost due east across the green Gangetic Plain.

The 2,510 km (1,560 mi) river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. The average depth of the river is 52 feet (16 m), and the maximum depth, 100 feet (30 m).

The Ganges Basin drains 1,000,000-square-kilometre (390,000 sq mi) and supports one of the world’s densest human populations. It is the second largest river on the Indian subcontinent by discharge.


India Shows Good Vegetation Index Along Coasts

17.1N 76.1E

February 9th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

India - February 1st, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of India in winter. The central part of the country shows a low index, light yellow in color. Photosynthetic activity becomes higher as one moves closer to the coasts; the green color indicates a good index.

In the full image, some areas of high activity (rusty red) can be observed in the Gangetic Plain to the north, particularly west of New Delhi.

Sarayu, Ghaghara and Ganges Rivers, Northern India

26.3N 86.0E

April 26th, 2010 Category: Mosaics, Rivers

India - March 5th, 2010

India - March 5th, 2010

Both the Ganges and Sarayu Rivers can be seen flowing across the Gangetic Plain, south of the Himalayas, in this image of northern India. The Sarayu, identifiable by its almost 90º turn to the east after flowing down from the Himalayas, crosses the state of Uttar Pradesh.

The Sarayu is often considered to be synonymous with the modern Ghaghara River or as a tributary of it. The Ghaghara, in turn is a left-bank tributary of the Ganges. The two rivers can be seen at their confluence halfway between the center and the right edge of the image.

Vegetation Index of the Gangetic Plain, South of the Himalayas, India

February 24th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - February 20th, 2010

India - February 20th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of northern India, just below the Himalayas. A band of terrain at the foot of the mountains shows a good to high index (green to red), while the land to the South shows a lower index (yellow).

In the midst of that green and red band is a whitish-yellow patch: the city of New Delhi. The land to the West of the city, in the state of Haryana, shows a higher index (red) than the land to the East (green), in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. An area of 1,553 km2 is covered by forest. Haryana has four main geographical features: the Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state, the Shivalik Hills to the northeast, semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest and the Aravalli Range in the south.

Uttar Pradesh shares an international border with Nepal and is bounded by seven Indian states. Uttar Pradesh has 12.8% land under forest cover now. In spite of alarming deforestation and poaching of wild life, a diverse flora and fauna exists. It can be divided into two distinct hypsographical regions: the larger Gangetic Plain region in the north, and the smaller Vindhya Hills and Plateau Region in the south.

The former includes the Ganga-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganga plains and the Terai. It has highly fertile alluvial soils and flat topography – (slope 2 m/km) – broken by numerous ponds, lakes and rivers. The Vindhya Hills and Plateau region it is characterised by hard rock strata and varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateau; limited availability of water makes the region relatively arid.