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Miami and the Everglades in Southern Florida, USA

25.7N 80.1W

December 7th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

USA - November 18th, 2009

USA - November 18th, 2009

Sediments trail into the Gulf of Mexico from the Everglades on the southern tip of the state of Florida, USA. The Everglades are subtropical wetlands that include sawgrass marshes, cypress swamps, mangrove forests, tropical hardwood hammocks, pine rockland, and the marine environment of Florida Bay.

The darkest green section at the very bottom of the peninsula is part of the Everglades National Park, the largest subtropical wilderness in the United States. It contains the southern 25 percent of the original Everglades marshland region of southwestern Florida.

Moving northeastward, the city of Miami and other urban zones can be seen as a greyish area along the eastern shores. Miami is the only major city in the United States bordered by two national parks, Everglades National Park on the west, and Biscayne National Park on the east.

Miami and its suburbs are located on a broad plain between the Florida Everglades to the west and Biscayne Bay to the east that also extends from Florida Bay north to Lake Okeechobee. The elevation of the area never rises above 40 ft (12 m) and averages at around 6 ft (1.8 m) above mean sea level in most neighborhoods, especially near the coast.

The Everglades and Miami, Florida – November 21st, 2008

November 21st, 2008 Category: Image of the day

The Everglades and Miami, Florida - November 18th, 2008

The Everglades and Miami, Florida - November 18th, 2008

Here we have a splendid image of southern Florida, USA, including the city of Miami on the southeastern coast, the Everglades on the southern tip, and the Florida Keys, the island chain dangling off the southernmost point.

Moving up the western coast from the Everglades we can also see the cities of Naples, Sarasota, St. Petersburg and Tampa.

The Everglades are a subtropical wetland, comprising the southern half of a large watershed.

The system begins near Orlando with the Kissimmee River, which discharges into the vast but shallow Lake Okeechobee, the large inland body of water visible in the image.

Water leaving the lake in the wet season forms a slow-moving river 60 miles (97 km) wide and over 100 miles (160 km) long, flowing southward across a limestone shelf to Florida Bay, identifiable in the image as the dark green bay at the southern end of the state.

The large green halo extending from the bay was caused by limestone sediments pushed out to sea by the heavy rainfall the area had been experiencing at the time the image was taken.

The ever-changing Everglades are shaped by water and fire, with frequent flooding in the wet season and drought in the dry season. In the image, some such fires are visible on the land just south of Lake Okeechobee.

The Everglades are comprised of a complex system of interdependent ecosystems that include sawgrass marshes, cypress swamps, the estuarine mangrove forests of the Ten Thousand Islands, tropical hardwood hammocks, pine rockland, and the marine environment of Florida Bay.

source Wikipedia

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