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Posts tagged Fjords

Eyjafjörður, Central Northern Iceland’s Longest Fjord

65.8N 18.1W

August 19th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Iceland - August 13th, 2009

Iceland - August 13th, 2009

Eyjafjörður, the longest fjord in central northern Iceland, cuts through the mountains of this orthorectified image. The fjord is located in the second most populous region of Iceland; in fact, the city of Akureyri can be noted in the lower right corner.

The name Eyjafjörður literally means: “Island Fjord” which is derived from Hrísey Island, seen here towards the center of the body of water.

The fjord is long and narrow, it measures 60 km from mouth to bottom. Its greatest width is 25 km between Siglunes and Gjögurtá at the fjord’s mouth but for the greater part of its length it is usually 6-10 km wide. Two smaller fjords branch out of Eyjafjörður’s west side, Ólafsfjörður and Héðinsfjörður.

Eyjafjörður  is surrounded by hills and mountains on both sides but the mountains are considerably taller on the west side, in the mountain range of the Tröllaskagi peninsula. In the outer part of the fjord there are no lowlands along the coast as the steep hills roll directly into the sea. Further south in the fjord there are strips of lowland along both coasts; these are wider on the west side.

Several valleys lead from Eyjafjörður, most of them to the west where the two most significant are: Hörgárdalur and Svarfaðardalur. Dalsmynni is the only valley on the east side. However the greatest valley in Eyjafjörður is also called Eyjafjörður and runs directly south from the fjord itself. It is long and wide and home to one of Iceland’s largest agricultural regions.

Langanes Peninsula, Iceland’s Northeastern Coast – April 14th, 2009

April 14th, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Iceland - April 5th, 2009

Iceland - April 5th, 2009

Close-up

Close-up

Many fjords punctuate the extensive coastline of Iceland. The northern and eastern coastlines are covered with snow, while some brown land peeks out from beneath the clouds along the southern shores.

The close-up focuses on a section of Iceland’s northeast coastline near the Langanes Peninsula (upper left corner). The name literally means “long peak”. It is 40 kilometres (25 miles) long from southwest to northeast, ending in a thin strip of land called Fontur.

The terrain inland reaches elevations of 200–400 metres (600–1200 feet). The highest point is Gunnólfsvíkurfjall in the southeast of the peninsula.

In the spring time (May–June) seabirds (guillemot and kittiwake) lay their eggs in the cliffs at Langanes. The peninsula also holds the third largest gannet nesting place in the world.

East of the peninsula, a river spills greenish sediments into the North Atlantic Ocean. In the close-up, some snow can be seen thawing out along the riverbanks and the surrounding valley.

Fjords Indenting Coast of Norway’s Finnmark County

April 3rd, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Norway - April 2nd, 2009

Norway - April 2nd, 2009

The jagged coast of Norway’s Finnmark and Troms counties is visible here. Finnmark is in the extreme northeast of Norway. In area, it is Norway’s largest county; however, with a population of only 72,000, it is also the least populated.

By land it borders Troms county to the west, Finland to the south and Russia to the east (visible in the full image). By water, it borders the Norwegian Sea (Atlantic Ocean) to the northwest, and the Barents Sea (Arctic Ocean) to the north and northeast.

The coast is indented by large fjords, which in a strict sense are false fjords, as they are not carved out by glaciers. The highest point is located on the top of the glacier Øksfjordjøkelen (Øksfjord glacier, 45 km²).

The nature varies from barren coastal areas facing the Barents Sea, to more sheltered fjord areas and river valleys with gullies and tree vegetation. In the interior is the Finnmarksvidda plateau, with an elevation of 300 – 400 m, with numerous lakes and river valleys.

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