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Climate Change’s Mixed Effects in Northern Europe

66.7N 29.7E

June 4th, 2013 Category: Climate Change AVHRRMetOp

Northern Europe – June 1st, 2013

This image focuses on northern Europe, including parts of Finland, Norway, Sweden, northwestern Russia and Estonia. In northern Europe, climate change is initially projected to bring mixed effects, including some benefits such as reduced demand for heating, increased crop yields, and increased forest growth. However, as climate change continues, negative impacts are likely to outweigh benefits. These include more frequent winter floods, endangered ecosystems, and increasing ground instability (click here for more information).

Climate Change in Northern Europe

67.2N 27.6E

June 2nd, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Vegetation Index

Northern Europe – June 1st, 2013

Higher than average temperatures have been observed across Europe as well as decreasing precipitation in southern regions and increasing precipitation in northern Europe. Extreme weather events such as heat waves, floods and droughts have caused rising damage costs across Europe in recent years.

While precipitation is decreasing in southern regions, it is increasing in northern Europe, and these trends are projected to continue. Climate change is projected to increase river flooding, particularly in northern Europe, as higher temperatures intensify the water cycle.

Many studies have measured widespread changes in plant and animal characteristics. For example, plants are flowering earlier in the year. Here, the vegetation index is stronger (dark green) to the south, and weaker (yellow) near the northern coastline, although it is mostly good throughout the image.

In freshwater, phytoplankton and zooplankton blooms are also appearing earlier. Other animals and plants are moving northward or uphill as their habitats warm. Since the migration rate of many species is insufficient to keep pace with the speed of climate change, they could be pushed towards extinction in the future.

Climate Change in the Arctic Region

70.4N 24.1E

May 23rd, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Sweden, Norway, Finland – May 23rd, 2013

The Arctic Climate Impact Assessment hass determined that climate change in the world’s Arctic areas is proceeding at a rate that is nearly double the rate of change at a global scale, affecting countries such as Sweden, Norway and Finland. Climate change will increase sea surface temperatures and reduce the extent and thickness of sea ice in Arctic regions. These changes are expected to affect the movement, growth, habitat and reproduction of key commercial fish species. The agricultural sector is also at risk (click here for more information).

Conditions in Bothnian Sea, Finland and Sweden

60.5N 19.6E

February 15th, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Finland – January 22nd, 2013

The Bothnian Sea is the southern part of the Gulf of Bothnia, which is situated between Sweden, to the West, Finland, to the East, and the Sea of Åland and Archipelago Sea to the South. The Bothnian Sea, with a surface area of approximately 79,000 km², occupies about one-fifth of the total of the Baltic Sea.

The Bothnian Sea is different from other sea areas of the Baltic Sea. On the whole it is good condition and its open sea is even in excellent condition. On the other hand, eutrophication, the ecosystem response of an aquatic system to the addition of artificial or natural substances, such as nitrates and phosphates through fertilizers or sewage, is threatening to increase, both in the open sea and near the coast. Eutrophication exemplifies the deterioration in the condition of the sea. Climate change, chemicalisation and changes in species also present challenges.

Helsinki and Tallinn by Gulf of Finland and Riga by Gulf of Riga

60.1N 24.9E

April 22nd, 2012 Category: Snapshots

Estonia - January 4th, 2012

Visible in the upper part of this wide-swath ASAR image is the Gulf of Finland, the easternmost arm of the Baltic Sea. Visible on opposite sides of the gulf are Helsinki, Finland (northern shores, near the top edge) and Tallinn, Estonia (southern shores, parallel to Helsinki).

Visible to the south of Tallinn is the Gulf of Riga, a bay of the Baltic Sea between Latvia and Estonia. The area of the Gulf of Riga is about 18,000 km². The maximum depth is 67 m. The island of Saaremaa (Estonia) partially separates it from the rest of the Baltic Sea. The city of Riga can be viewed near the gulf’s southern shores.