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Posts tagged Falkland Sound

Habitat Changes on the Falkland Islands

51.7S 59.4W

January 31st, 2013 Category: Snapshots

Argentina – January 29th, 2013

The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) are located in the South Atlantic Ocean on a projection of the Patagonian Shelf about 310 miles (500 kilometres) east of the Patagonian coastline and about 280 miles (450 kilometres) north-east of the southerly tip of Tierra del Fuego, Argentina. The Falklands, which have a total land area of 4,700 square miles (12,173 square kilometres) and a coastline estimated at 2,200 miles (3,500 km)[92] comprise two main islands, West Falkland and East Falkland and about 776 smaller islands. The two principal islands are 140 miles (220 km) from east to west and 87 miles (140 km) from north to south. They are heavily indented by sounds and fjords and have many natural harbours. The two main islands are separated by the Falkland Sound.

There is little long-term data on habitat changes, so the extent of human impact to the islands is unclear. Vegetation such as tussac grass, fachine, and native box have been heavily impacted by introduced grazing animals. Virtually the entire area of the islands is used as pasture for sheep. Rats and Grey foxes have been introduced and are having a detrimental impact on birds that nest on the shores, as are feral cats. Many breeding birds similarly only live on offshore islands, where introduced animals such as cats and rats are not found. There is also an introduced reindeer population, which was brought to the islands in 2001 for commercial purposes. Twenty two introduced plant species are thought to provide a significant threat to local flora.

Falkland Sound Separating the Falkland Islands – March 3rd, 2011

March 3rd, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Phytoplankton

Argentina - February 10th, 2011

The thumbnail image focuses on the rugged coastline of the Falkland Islands (also known as the Islas Malvinas). East Falkland (Isla Soledad) is situated to the right, while West Falkland (Isla Gran Malvina) is to the left.

The two main islands are sepearted by the Falkland Sound (Spanish: Estrecho de San Carlos) is a sea strait running southwest to northeast. Other smaller islands are present in the strait.

In the full image, a faint phytoplankton bloom can be observed to the east of the islands. The very light color suggests that the bloom is either just beginning or just ending; bright colors would indicate a much higher concentration of organisms in the water.

Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) in the South Atlantic Ocean

51.7S 57.8W

April 24th, 2010 Category: Snapshots

Islas Malvinas / Falkland Islands - April 7th, 2010

Islas Malvinas / Falkland Islands - April 7th, 2010

The Falkland Islands, or Islas Malvinas in Spanish, are located 287 miles (462 km) east of the coast of mainland Argentina, in the South Atlantic Ocean. The archipelago is composed of two main islands, East Falkland (in Spanish: Isla Gran Malvina, due to its larger size) and West Falkland (Isla Soledad) as well as around 776 smaller islands. The two islands are divided by Falkland Sound.

The archipelago has a total land area of 4,700 square miles (12,173 km2), and around 800 miles (1288 km) of coastline. The two main islands, however, make up most of that total area. The islands are a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, although Argentina disputes this claim.

The Falkland Islands or Islas Malvinas

51.7S 57.8W

October 2nd, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Falkland Islands / Islas Malvinas - September 24th, 2009

Falkland Islands / Islas Malvinas - September 24th, 2009

The Falkland Islands, or Islas Malvinas in Spanish, are an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean, located 287 miles (462 km) from the coast of mainland Argentina (visible on the left side of the full image). The islands are a self-governing Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom, the capital of which is Stanley, although this claim is disputed by Argentina.

The Falkland Islands comprise two main islands, East Falkland and West Falkland (in Spanish Isla Gran Malvina and Isla Soledad respectively), and about 776 small islands. The total land area is 4,700 square miles (12,173 km2), with a coastline estimated at 800 miles (1288 km).

The two main islands on either side of Falkland Sound make up most of the land. Both islands have mountain ranges, the highest point being Mount Usborne, 2312 feet (705 m) on East Falkland. There are also some boggy plains, most notably in Lafonia, on the southern half of East Falkland.

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