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Posts tagged Faiyum Oasis

Haze Over Eastern Mediterranean from Egypt to Israel/Palestine Shoreline

31.0N 32.5E

January 25th, 2013 Category: Clouds, Rivers

Egypt – January 17th, 2013

A cloud of smoky haze hangs over the eastern Mediterranean Sea, from the edge of the Nile Delta and Suez Canal, in Egypt, past the coastline of the Sinai Peninsula, to the shores of Israel/Palestine. Inland, a stark contrast can be observed between the green of the Nile Delta and Nile River Valley, as well as the Faiyum Oasis (lower left), and the mostly desert terrain flanking the river and on the peninsula.

Haze Over Nile River Valley and Delta, Egypt

30.0N 31.2E

January 6th, 2013 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Egypt – January 3rd, 2013

Haze, possibly caused by fires, hangs over the Nile River Valley, Faiyum Oasis and the southern part of the Nile Delta. The city of Cairo, normally visible at the base of the delta, is completely obscured by the haze. Visible, however, are the Suez Canal, east of the delta, and Lake Moeris, on the northwestern edge of the Faiyum Oasis.

Nile River, from Lake Nasser, Past Faiyum Oasis, to the Mediterranean

26.7N 31.4E

October 11th, 2010 Category: Deserts, Lakes, Rivers

Egypt - August 27th, 2010

The fertile areas around the Nile River and its delta, as well as the Faiyum Oasis to the south, look deep green in contrast with the surrounding tan Sahara Desert landscape in Egypt. Upon opening the full image, cities and settlements within the delta and the river valley areas appear as tan spots amidst the green.

By the eastern extent of the delta, the Suez Canal can be seen connecting the Mediterranean Sea (above) to the Red Sea (below). Following the river southwards, Lake Nasser and the Toshka Lakes can be seen in the lower part of the image. The end of Lake Nasser can be distinguished from the green of the river valley due to the color change to a silvery green.

Cairo Between the Nile River Valley and Delta, Egypt

30.0N 31.2E

July 16th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Egypt - June 30th, 2010

Egypt - June 30th, 2010

The fertile green areas amidst the dry Sahara sands are situated along the banks of the Nile River and its delta in Egypt. Upon opening the full image, the channels of the river can be seen cutting through the green valley. Lake Moeris, silver in color due to sun glint, is also visible on the northern side of the heart-shaped Faiyum Oasis, just west of the Nile.

Small cities and towns appear as light brown dots scattered throughout the green, while the large city of Cairo is visible as a brownish grey area at the base of the delta. Although the Cairo metropolis extends away from the Nile in all directions, the city of Cairo resides only on the east bank of the river and two islands within it on a total area of 214 square kilometers (83 sq mi).

Faiyum Oasis and Lake Moeris Near the Nile River, Egypt – February 14th, 2010

29.3N 30.8E

February 14th, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

Egypt - January 3rd, 2010

Egypt - January 3rd, 2010

The thick green band running vertically through the center of this image is fertile land along the banks of the Nile River, in Egypt. Upon opening the full image, the Nile itself can be seen as a thinner, dark blue ribbon towards the right edge of the green land.

Branching off to the west is a heart-shaped area of green land known as the Faiyum Oasis. It is a depression or basin in the desert immediately to the west of the Nile south of Cairo. The extent of the basin area is estimated at between 490 mi² (1,270 km²) and 656 mi² (1700 km²). Over 400 mile² (1,000 km²) of the Faiyum Oasis is cultivated, the chief crops being cereals and cotton.

The basin floor comprises fields watered by a channel of the Nile, the Bahr Yussef, as it drains into a desert depression to the west of the Nile Valley. The Bahr Yussef veers west through a narrow neck of land north of Ihnasya; it then branches out, providing rich agricultural land in the Faiyum basin, draining into the large saltwater Lake Moeris (Birket Qarun), visible as a blue area at the upper limits of the green land.

Differing from typical oases, whose fertility depends on water obtained from springs, the cultivated land in the Faiyum is formed of Nile mud brought down by the Bahr Yussef, 15 miles (24 km) in length. Between the beginning of Bahr Yussef at El-Lahun to its end at the city of Faiyum, several canals branch off to irrigate the Faiyum Governorate. The drainage water flows into Lake Moeris.