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Posts tagged Eritrea

Dust Over Bab-el-Mandeb Strait

12.5N 42.5E

June 9th, 2013 Category: Dust Storms MODISAqua

Red Sea – June 9th, 2013

Dust hangs over the Bab-el-Mandeb Strait, which connects the Red Sea (upper left) to the Gulf of Aden (right). The dust is most concentrated over the nation of Djibouti and southern Eritrea, by the entrance to the strait itself, although it also veils parts of Yemen, Ethiopia and Somalia.

Lake Tana Environmental Issues, Ethiopia, and Dust Over Red Sea

12.1N 37.4E

January 30th, 2013 Category: Dust Storms, Lakes

Ethiopia – January 28th, 2013

Some dust can be seen blowing off the coast of Eritrea and over the Red Sea, towards the Dahlak Archipelago. Further south, in Ethiopia, the bright green waters of Lake Tana can be observed. The lake, which is the largest in Ethiopia and the main source of the Blue Nile, is under severe environmental threat from deforestation, soil and water erosion, sedimentation, increasing demand for water, pollution, and climate change.

Threats to Lake Tana and its catchment area have serious implications for environmental and human security in Ethiopia and raise other ecological and cultural questions as well. Lake Tana is the largest fresh water body in Ethiopia, accounting for 50 percent of the total inland waters in the country. The lake provides livelihood to over 3 million people living around it, as well as food security, and is a significant source of hydropower.

Changes in the lake and its watershed also have important international implications. A decrease in the quantity or quality of the outflow from Lake Tana may impact, the downstream riparian countries along the Nile, who rely heavily on these water resources for much of their agricultural production.

Ecologically, the lake area includes substantial wetlands, which provide a wide variety of ecosystem services, including habitat for fish and bird species, regulation of water flow, and mitigation of climate variability. All of these would be threatened by environmental degradation (click here for more information).

Dust Over Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia

December 25th, 2012 Category: Dust Storms

Red Sea – December 22nd, 2012

Sand from Saudi Arabia’s Rub al Khali Desert blows over the southern end of the Red Sea, across the Farasan Islands and towards Eritrea (below). The Farasan Islands are a large coral island group belonging to Saudi Arabia. They are located some 40 km offshore from Jizan, in the far southwestern part of the country. They form a protected area that, in winter, is home to migratory birds from Europe.

Lake Tana and Dust Over Red Sea

12.1N 37.3E

October 23rd, 2012 Category: Dust Storms, Lakes

Red Sea – October 21st, 2012

Dust blows off the coast of Eritrea, northward over the Red Sea towards the Dahlak Archipelago, an island group composed of over one hundred islands. Visible at the lower left is Lake Tana, in Ethiopia, the source of the Blue Nile River.

Dust West of Dahlak Archipelago, Red Sea

15.8N 39.9E

October 22nd, 2012 Category: Dust Storms

Red Sea – October 21st, 2012

Dust blows over the Red Sea, off the coast of Eritrea (left) and Saudi Arabia (right). The dust is thickest just west of the Dahlak Archipelago, an island group that consists of two large and 124 small islands.