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Posts tagged El Salvador

Fire Near Gulf of Fonseca, Nicaragua

13.1N 87.6W

February 5th, 2013 Category: Fires

Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador – January 23rd, 2013

The Gulf of Fonseca, part of the Pacific Ocean, is a gulf in Central America, bordering El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. The gulf region forms part of the eastern border of El Salvador and is composed of a wide variety of coastal environments, including islands, mangrove forests, sand beaches, and rock cliffs. This environment has been subject to relatively little modification and preserves a rich flora and fauna. The Gulf of Fonseca’s natural resources still support traditional fishing and gathering of molluscs and crustaceans. Here, what appears to be a plume of smoke from a fire can also be seen blowing southwestward off the coast of Nicaragua, southeast of the gulf.

Gulf of Fonseca and Lakes Managua and Nicaragua, Central America

13.2N 87.7W

December 18th, 2012 Category: Lakes

El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua – December 16th, 2012

The irregularly shaped bay on the Pacific Coast of Central America is the Gulf of Fonseca, bordering El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. Visible to the southeast is Lake Managua (light green) and Lake Nicaragua (dark green, bottom right corner), both in Nicaragua. West of the gulf, numerous volcanic peaks can be seen, parallel to the coast.

Sediments in Gulf of Fonseca, Central America

13.2N 87.7W

March 25th, 2012 Category: Clouds, Lakes, Sediments

Central America - March 11th, 2012

Sediments drain out of the Gulf of Fonseca (center) and into the Pacific Ocean in this image of Central America. The Gulf of Fonseca borders El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua and covers an area of approximately 3,200 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), with a coastline that extends for 261 kilometres (162 mi), of which 185 kilometres (115 mi) are in Honduras, 40 kilometres (25 mi) in Nicaragua, and 29 kilometres (18 mi) in El Salvador.

Visible to the southeast of the gulf is Lake Managua, in Nicaragua. At 1,042 km², it is approximately 65 km long and 25 km wide. The city of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, lies on its southwestern shore. The lake has been severely polluted, mostly by decades of sewage being dumped into the lake.

In the upper part of the image, popcorn clouds hang over heavily forested areas – a common phenomenon due to clouds forming around the water vapor released from photosynthesizing plants.

Sediments in Gulf of Fonseca, Central America

13.2N 87.7W

March 11th, 2012 Category: Sediments

Nicaragua, Honduras, El Salvador - December 23rd, 2011

Visible below the clouds in this image of Central America is the Gulf of Fonseca, which covers an area of approximately 3,200 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi). The gulf has a coastline that extends for 261 kilometres (162 mi), of which 185 kilometres (115 mi) are in Honduras, 40 kilometres (25 mi) in Nicaragua, and 29 kilometres (18 mi) in El Salvador.

More sediments are present on the eastern side of the gulf, as is evidenced by the brownish color of the water in that area, while the rest of the gulf appears mostly green to blue. As it is currently the dry season in the region, less water flows into the Gulf, and the currents tend to flow inward from the Pacific Ocean, resulting in a increase in levels of salinity in the estuaries.

San Salvador Near Quezaltepec Volcano, El Salvador

13.6N 89.1W

October 30th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Volcanoes

El Salvador - October 25th, 2011

This orthorectified image shows the city of San Salvador (bright white area at center left), the capital of El Salvador. It lies upon a seismic valley in northern Central America, surrounded with volcanoes and prone to earthquakes.

The city’s altitude average of 560 meters above sea level, gaining altitude toward 1000 meters above sea level at the foothills of the Quezaltepec, or San Salvador, volcano. In fact, the valley got its nickname from the Spaniards who called the area “El Valle de las Hamacas” (The Valley of the Hammocks) due to its constant seismic activity. Just East of the city, lies Lake Illopango, the largest volcanic lake in the nation.

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