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Posts tagged Eastern Ghats

Visakhapatnam and Hills of the Eastern Ghats, India

17.6N 83.2E

April 3rd, 2011 Category: Mountains

India - April 3rd, 2011

The city of Visakhapatnam appears as a bright green area along the coast of India in this APM image. The city is nestled among the hills of the Eastern Ghats and faces the Bay of Bengal to the east.

Visakhapatnam is a major port and the second largest city in the state of Andhra Pradesh, as well as the third largest city on the east coast of India.

Central India from Coast to Coast

13.9N 77.3E

February 14th, 2011 Category: Mountains

India - January 17th, 2011

This image spans much of India, focusing on the central portion. The western coastline, parallel to the Western Ghats Mountain Range, shows a fertile green coastal plain. The Eastern Ghats can be seen parallel to the east coast.

In the full image, several rivers can be observed, most of which are yellow from sediments. Many artificial reservoirs can be seen scattered across the interior of the country as well, created by numerous dams and hydroelectric power stations.

Large cities show up as greys areas, often circular in shape. One example of this is Hyderabad, the sixth most populous city and sixth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. Situated in the upper right quadrant, it is so large that it is even visible in the image thumbnail.

Eastern Ghats and Chilka Lake, in India’s Orissa State

19.7N 85.3E

February 26th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

The brown mountains visible just inland of India’s eastern coast are part of the Eastern Ghats, which run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa and Andhra Pradesh to Tamil Nadu in the south. Most of the mountains visible here are in the state of Orissa (Odisha). Deomali at 1672 m is the highest point of the state.

Also near the coast, in the upper right quadrant, is Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake), a brackish water lagoon. It is spread over the Puri, Khurda and Ganjam districts of Orissa state on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the world.

Eastern Ghats Parallel to Bay of Bengal in Central-Eastern India

18.7N 82.6E

February 8th, 2010 Category: Mountains, Rivers

India - January 26th, 2010

India - January 26th, 2010

The dark brown area parallel to the coast in this image of central-eastern India is part of the Eastern Ghats, a discontinuous range of mountains along India’s eastern coast.

The Eastern Ghats run from West Bengal state in the north, through Orissa (Odisha) and Andhra Pradesh (both visible here) to Tamil Nadu in the south. The mountain ranges run parallel to the Bay of Bengal.

The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The coastal plains lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal.

A range of low hills lie between the Krishna River (furthest south, near bottom) and the Godavari River (just up the coast from the former), but north of the Godavari the Eastern Ghats increase again in height, forming the boundary between Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.

Vegetation Index of India’s Andhra Pradesh

15.7N 79.2E

January 27th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - January 20th, 2010

India - January 20th, 2010

The green to red areas in this FAPAR image, focusing on India’s Andhra Pradesh, indicate good to high photosynthetic activity, while yellow to white zones are indications of low activity. Geographically, Andhra Pradesh is composed of most of the eastern half of the Deccan plateau and the plains to the east of the Eastern Ghats. It is the 4th Largest state in India.

The coastal plains are, for a major part, delta regions formed by the rivers Godavari, Krishna, and Penner. Most of the coastal plains are put to intense agricultural use. West and southwest parts of Andhra Pradesh have semi-arid conditions.

The Eastern ghats are a major dividing line in the state’s geography. The ghats become more pronounced towards the south and extreme north of the coast. The Eastern ghat region also is home to dense tropical forests, while the vegetation becomes sparse as the ghats give way to the deccan plateau, where shrub vegetation is more common.

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