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Posts tagged Dinaric Alps

Dinaric Alps and Krka River in the Balkans

43.8N 16.5E

February 28th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Mountains, Rivers

Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina - February 18th, 2010

Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina - February 18th, 2010

The Krka River, which flows more or less diagonally across part of this orthorectified image, is found in Croatia’s Dalmatia region. It has a length of about 73 km, and is famous for its numerous waterfalls.

The river has its source near the border of Croatia with Bosnia and Herzegovina (identifiable near the beginning of the mountainous terrain), at the foot of Dinara Mountain. It flows past Knin in Inner Dalmatia towards the south and enters the lake Prokljansko Jezero near Skradin.

Dinara is one of the more prominent mountains located on the border of Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is best known for the fact that its name is the base for the name of a large mountain chain called the Dinaric Alps or Dinarides. The Dinarides are known for being composed of karst — limestone rocks — as is the mountain that named them.

Dinara itself spans from the Derala mountain pass (965 m) in the northwest to the Privija pass (1230 m) which is 20 km to the southeast, where Kamešnica Mountain begins. Dinara Mountain is up to 10 km wide. The highest peaks are Troglav (“Threehead”, 1913 m) and Dinara (1831 m).

Summer View of Italian Peninsula and Adriatic Coasts

41.8N 12.4E

September 15th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Italy - July 26th, 2009

Italy - July 26th, 2009

This relatively cloudless image provides a clear view of the Italian peninsula and island of Sicily, as well as the shorelines of Croatia and Albania along the Adriatic Sea.

As the image was captured during the summer, little snow is visible on the peaks of the Italian Alps (upper left quadrant), the Apennines (running down the center of the peninsula) and the Dinaric Alps (paralleling the eastern shores of the Adriatic).

The coastlines are mostly clear of sediments, probably due to less rainful during the summer months, although some are present in the Adriatic by the Po Delta (upper left quadrant) and the Gargano Peninsula (center).

The Coast of Croatia, from Istria to Dalmatia – May 21st, 2009

45.1N 13.9E

May 21st, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Coast of Croatia - May 17th, 2009

Coast of Croatia - May 17th, 2009

The diverse geography of Croatia includes rocky coastlines on the Adriatic Sea, from Istria, along the Northern Seacoast, to Dalmatia.

Part of the Istrian peninsula is visible at the far left. Its terrain consists of a limestone plateau, much of which lacks water owing to its karst topography. Its northeastern section is an extension of the Dinaric Alps.

Moving to the right, the Kvarner Gulf, a bay in the northern Adriatic Sea, can be seen between the Istrian peninsula and the Northern Seacoast.

The main islands within the Kvarner are Cres, Krk, Pag, Rab and Lošinj. The main portion of the Kvarner is that between the mainland, Cres and Krk. A smaller body of water located between Cres, Krk, Rab and Pag is called Kvarnerić (“the little Kvarner”).

Continuing down the coastline, part of Dalmatia is visible. On the coasts the climate is Mediterranean, with increasingly milder winters as one moves south.

There is evergreen vegetation on the coast, although during the centuries many woods have been cut down and replaced with bush and brush.

The Rocky Coast and Offshore Islands of Croatia

February 27th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Croatia - February 26th, 2009

Croatia - February 26th, 2009

Croatia is a Central European country at the crossroads between the Pannonian Plain, Southeast Europe, and the Mediterranean Sea.

Croatia borders with Slovenia and Hungary to the north, Serbia to the northeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the east, and Montenegro to the far southeast.

Its southern and western flanks border the Adriatic Sea, and it also shares a sea border with Italy in the Gulf of Trieste.

Its terrain is diverse, including plains, lakes and rolling hills in the continental north and northeast (Central Croatia and Slavonia, part of the Pannonian Basin), visible at the top.

Towards the center, the terrain consists of densely wooded mountains in Lika and Gorski Kotar, part of the Dinaric Alps, covered with snow in the image.

Finally, the terrain includes rocky coastlines on the Adriatic Sea (Istria, Northern Seacoast and Dalmatia), visible in varying shades of brown towards the bottom.

Many islands can also be seen off the rocky coasts, as offshore Croatia consists of over one thousand islands varying in size. The largest islands in Croatia are Cres and Krk, which are located in the Adriatic Sea.

Greece – November 2nd, 2008

November 2nd, 2008 Category: Image of the day

Greece - October 20th, 2008

Greece - October 20th, 2008

Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country in southeastern Europe, situated on the southern end of the Balkan Peninsula. It lies at the juncture of Europe, Asia and Africa. Greece has borders with Albania, Bulgaria and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to the north, and Turkey to the east.

Close up of Athens and Southern Greece

Close up of Athens and Southern Greece

Athens, visible in the center of the close-up to the right, is the capital and largest city of Greece.

In the main image, we can see the Aegean Sea to the east and south of mainland Greece, and the Ionian Sea to the west (the “heel” of Italy is visible on the left). Both parts of the Eastern Mediterranean basin feature a vast number of islands.

Greece consists of a mountainous peninsula mainland jutting out into the sea at the southern end of the Balkans, the Peloponnesus peninsula (separated from the mainland by the canal of the Isthmus of Corinth), and numerous islands (1400, 227 of which are inhabited), including Crete, Euboea, Lesbos, Chios, the Dodecanese and the Cycladic groups of the Aegean Sea as well as the Ionian Sea islands. The islands of the Aegean are peaks of underwater mountains that once constituted an extension of the mainland.

Greece has the tenth longest coastline in the world with 14,880 km (9,246 mi); its land boundary is 1,160 km (721 mi).

Four fifths of Greece consist of mountains or hills, making the country one of the most mountainous in Europe. Western Greece contains a number of lakes and wetlands and it is dominated by the Pindus mountain range. Pindus has a maximum elevation of 2,636 m (8,648 ft) and it is essentially a prolongation of the Dinaric Alps.

The range continues through the western Peloponnese, crosses the islands of Kythera and Antikythera and find its way into southwestern Aegean, in the island of Crete where it eventually ends.

Close-up of Mount Olympus and Thessaloniki

Close-up of Mount Olympus and Thessaloniki

Mount Olympus, a focal point of Greek culture throughout history is host to the Mytikas peak 2,917 m (9,570 ft), the highest in the country. In the image detail to the right we can see Mount Olympus near the center, as well as flatter lands around Greece’s second-largest city, Thessaloniki, to the North.

Northeastern Greece features yet another high-altitude mountain range, the Rhodope range, spreading across the periphery of East Macedonia and Thrace; this area is covered with vast, thick, ancient forests. The famous Dadia forest is in the prefecture of Evros, in the far northeast of the country.

Expansive plains are primarily located in the prefectures of Thessaly, Central Macedonia and Thrace. They constitute key economic regions as they are among the few arable places in the country.

source Wikipedia