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Posts tagged Deccan Plateau

Gulf of Khambhat and Western Ghats, India

16.1N 73.7E

March 21st, 2011 Category: Mountains, Sediments

India - March 19th, 2011

Reddish brown sediments from the Narmada and Tapti rivers tinge the waters of the Gulf of Khambhat. The gulf has a length of approximately 80 miles and lies between eastern Gujarat State (east) and the Kathiawar Peninsula (west).

Lying on the other side of the peninsula is the Gulf of Kutch, also colored by sediments. North of this gulf is the Great Rann of Kutch, an extensive area of salt marshes that appears mostly white in this image.

Moving southeastward down the coastline along the Arabian Sea, one can see the Western Ghats, one of India’s main mountain ranges. Its peaks lie parallel to the west coast, along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau. The range separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain, which appears dark green in this image.

Bangalore and Tumkur on the Mysore Plateau, India

12.9N 77.5E

March 15th, 2011 Category: Snapshots

India - February 18th, 2011

The city of Bangalore appears as an expansive yellow area in the lower left quadrant of this APM image. Seventy kilometers to the northwest, near the left edge of the image, lies the smaller city of Tumkur.

Bangalore (also known as Bengaluru) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is located in the heart of the Mysore Plateau (a region of the larger Deccan Plateau) in the south-eastern part of Karnataka. Bangalore is India’s third most populous city and fifth-most populous urban agglomeration.

Western Ghats on Edge of Deccan Plateau, India

13.5N 75.3E

January 10th, 2011 Category: Mountains

India - December 27th, 2010

The Western Ghats, also known as the Sahyadri Mountains, is a mountain range along the western side of India. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea.

It is easy to spot the edge of the plateau and the start of the range, as the color changes from brown to dark green. The Western Ghats block rainfall to the Deccan Plateau, partially explaining why the country’s terrain is less green further inland.

Nilgiri Hills of the Western Ghats and Palakkad, India

10.7N 76.6E

December 20th, 2010 Category: Mountains

India - December 1st, 2010

This orthorectified image focuses on the Nilgiri Hills, a range of mountains with at least 24 peaks above 2,000 meters (6,562 ft), in the westernmost part of Tamil Nadu at the junction of Karnataka and Kerala states in Southern India.

They are part of the larger Western Ghats mountain chain making up the southwestern edge of the Deccan Plateau.The hills are separated from the Karnataka plateau to the north by the Moyar River and from the Anaimalai Hills and Palni Hills to the south by the Palghat Gap.

The bright white area south of the mountains in the lower part of the image is Palakkad, a town and a municipality in the state of Kerala in southern India. Palakkad lies near the Palghat Gap, a pass or natural depression through the Western Ghats ranges that run parallel to the west coast of India, and connects Kerala to the plains of the state of Tamil Nadu to the east.

Vegetation Index and Biodiversity of Central and Southern India

13.2N 77.3E

March 8th, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

India - February 20th, 2010

India - February 20th, 2010

India, which lies within the Indomalaya ecozone, displays significant biodiversity. One of eighteen megadiverse countries, it is home to 6.0% of all flowering plant species. Many ecoregions, such as the shola forests, exhibit extremely high rates of endemism; overall, 33% of Indian plant species are endemic.

India’s forest cover ranges from the tropical rainforest of the Andaman Islands, Western Ghats, and North-East India to the coniferous forest of the Himalayas. Between these extremes lie the sal-dominated moist deciduous forest of eastern India; the teak-dominated dry deciduous forest of central and southern India; and the babul-dominated thorn forest of the central Deccan and western Gangetic plain.

However, according to the latest reports, less than 12% of India’s landmass is covered by dense forests. The Forest Conservation Act was enacted in 1980 to help preserve forest areas. This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of central to southern India; coastal zones show higher photosynthetic activity (green) than areas further inland.