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Posts tagged Dead Sea Dikes

Countries Surrounding the Eastern Mediterranean Sea – November 6th, 2009

34.9N 33.3E

November 6th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes, Rivers

Eastern Mediterranean - September 24th, 2009

Eastern Mediterranean - September 24th, 2009

This view of the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea includes the island nation of Cyprus, as well as (counterclockwise along the shoreline from bottom left) Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula, Israel-Palestine, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. Inland, Jordan and parts of Saudi Arabia and Iraq are also visible.

The dry, arid landscape occupying most of the image is interrputed by several lakes and rivers. Below, in Egypt, the Nile River Delta creates a wide, fan-shaped green area along the Mediterranean coast.

To the northeast, the Dead Sea can be seen in the Jordan Rift Valley, between Israel-Palestine and the West Bank (left) and Jordan (right). The lower part of this inland sea appears  greenish due to an extensive network of salt evaporation pans called the Dead Sea Dikes.

Continuing to the north, Lake Assad is visible in Syria, connected to the Euphrates River. North of Lake Assad is Lake Atatürk Dam, in Turkey.

Finally, also located in Turkey, at the top left, is Lake Tuz. In contrast with the other lakes seen in this image, Lake Tuz appears bright white. It is a salt lake, and the second largest lake in Turkey.

The Dead Sea and Surrounding Hills and Mountains

July 22nd, 2009 Category: Lakes

Dead Sea - June 21st, 2009

Dead Sea - June 21st, 2009

The Dead Sea is located between Israel and the West Bank to the west, and Jordan to the east. It is an endorheic lake located in the Jordan Rift Valley, a geographic feature formed by the Dead Sea Transform.

This left lateral-moving transform fault lies along the tectonic plate boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate. It runs between the East Anatolian Fault zone in Turkey and the northern end of the Red Sea Rift offshore of the southern tip of Sinai.

The Jordan River is the only major water source flowing into the Dead Sea, although there are small perennial springs under and around the Dead Sea, creating pools and quicksand pits along the edges. There are no outlet streams.

Rainfall is scarcely 100 mm (4 in) per year in the northern part of the Dead Sea and barely 50 mm (2 in) in the southern part. The Dead Sea zone’s aridity is due to the rainshadow effect of the Judean Hills. The highlands east of the Dead Sea receive more rainfall than the Dead Sea itself.

To the west of the Dead Sea, the Judean Hills rise less steeply, and are much lower, than the mountains to the east. Along the southwestern side of the lake is a 210 m (700 ft) tall halite formation called “Mount Sodom”.

The lower section of the sea appears green and crossed by parallel lines; these are the Dead Sea Dikes, extensive salt evaporation pans.

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