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Posts tagged Costa Rica

Fires and Lakes in Honduras and Nicaragua

14.3N 86.6W

April 15th, 2011 Category: Fires, Lakes

Central America - March 30th, 2011

This image focuses on Honduras (above) and Nicaragua (below), with parts of Guatemala (above) and El Salvador (below) visible along the left edge and part of Costa Rica visible along the bottom edge.

Fires in Honduras, best observed in the full image, release smoke and create a haze in the air. Of note along the southern coast, in El Salvador and Nicaragua, are the Gulf of Fonseca, Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua (left to right).

 

Vegetation Index of Panama and Costa Rica

8.5N 82.6W

March 8th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Panama and Costa Rica - February 17th, 2011

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of Costa Rica (left) and Panama (right). In most areas in both countries, levels of photosynthetic activity are either good (green) or high (rusty red), although a few areas of lower levels (yellow) can be observed in the full image.

Also visible in the full image, to the right, is part of northern Colombia. It shows a generally good index, although photosynthetic activity is less strong than in its neighbors to the west.

Vegetation Index of Cuba and Central America

17.7N 81.8W

February 15th, 2011 Category: Vegetation Index

Cuba - January 31st, 2011

This FAPAR image reaches from Cuba (above) to part of Central America, including Honduras and Nicaragua (below). Cuba shows generally good photosynthetic activity (green in color).

Although part of Honduras and Nicaragua is covered in clouds, the coast of Honduras can be observed, presenting a high index (rusty red). Costa Rica and Panama, visible to the southeast in the full image, also show a higher index near the coast.

Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica

May 1st, 2009 Category: Lakes, Snapshots

Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica - April 13th, 2009

Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica - April 13th, 2009

Here, the countries of Honduras (left), Nicaragua (center-right) and Costa Rica (bottom right) are lightly dotted by clouds.

Nicaragua is the largest state in Central America with an area of 130,000 km2, about the size of England. The country falls within the tropics and is bordered by Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south.

The Pacific Ocean lies to the west of the country, the Caribbean Sea to the east. The large body of water in the southern part of the country is Lake Nicaragua.

Geographically, Nicaragua is made up of three main regions: the Pacific Lowlands, the North-Central Highlands and the Atlantic Lowlands. The Pacific Lowlands are located in the west of the country, and consist of a broad, hot, fertile plain.

The North-Central Highlands are an upland region away from the Pacific coast, with a cooler climate than the Pacific Lowlands.

Finally, the Atlantic lowlands are a large rainforest region, irrigated by several large rivers and very sparsely populated.

To the northeast of Nicaragua is Honduras, with an area of just over 110,000 kmĀ². It is bordered to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

The Honduran climate varies from tropical in the lowlands to temperate in the mountains. The central and southern regions are relatively hotter and less humid than the northern coast.

Costa Rica lies south of Nicaragua, located on the Central American Isthmus and comprising a land area of 51,100 square kilometers (19,730 sq. mi). It borders both the Caribbean Sea (to the east) and the North Pacific Ocean (to the west), with a total of 1,290 kilometers (802 mi) of coastline.

Costa Rica protects 23% of its national territory within the Protected Areas system. It also possesses the greatest density of species in the world.

Belize’s Barrier Reef, the Second-Longest in the World

April 23rd, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Belize's Barrier Reef and Central America - March 31st, 2009

Belize's Barrier Reef and Central America - March 31st, 2009

Here, the Caribbean coast of Central America is visible, including (from top left to bottom right) the eastern part of the Yucatan Peninsula in Mexico, Belize, eastern Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and western Costa Rica.

The Pacific Ocean lies to the southwest (bottom) and the Caribbean Sea to the northeast (top).

In the Caribbean, off the coast of Belize, Ambergris Caye can be seen. The country’s largest island, it is mostly a ring of white sand beach around mangrove swamp in the centre.

A Barrier Reef lies about half a mile off the winward side of the island. Flanking much of Belize’s 386 kilometres (240 mi) of predominantly marshy coastline, it is the longest barrier reef in the Western Hemisphere and the second longest in the world (after the Great Barrier Reef in Australia).

To the east of the Barrier Reef are three separate atoll reefs. There is also a fourth atoll reef, just to the north in Mexican waters. The three Belize atoll reefs are formed on two tiers of submarine ridges separated by deep marine trenches.

Inside the reef the water is shallow, with a blue tinge; outside the reef the water is deep and from the air shows a dark royal blue. On very clear days the reef appears as a narrow yellow line dividing the two shades of blue.