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Posts tagged Cordillera Central

Colombia and Venezuela, Andes Mountains and Plains – April 8th, 2009

April 8th, 2009 Category: Image of the day

Colombia and Venezuela - April 5th, 2009

Colombia and Venezuela - April 5th, 2009

Here, the white peaks of the Andes Mountains cut through Northern Colombia (left) and northwestern Venezuela (right) in South America. East of the mountains lies an area of extensive plains. To the north, the Gulf of Venezuela contains some greenish sediments.

With 2,800 kilometres (1,740 mi) of coastline, Venezuela is home to a wide variety of landscapes. The extreme northeastern extensions of the Andes reach into Venezuela’s northwest and continue along the northern Caribbean coast.

The country’s center is characterized by the llanos, extensive plains that stretch from the Colombian border in the far west to the Orinoco River delta in the east.

Colombia is dominated by the Andes mountains. Beyond the Colombian Massif (in the Southwest) these are divided into three branches known as cordilleras: the Cordillera Occidental, running adjacent to the Pacific coast; the Cordillera Central, running between the Cauca and Magdalena river valleys (to the west and east respectively); and the Cordillera Oriental, extending north east to the Guajira Peninsula.

East of the Andes lies the savanna of the Llanos, part of the Orinoco River basin, and, in the far south east, the jungle of the Amazon rainforest. Together these lowlands comprise over half Colombia’s territory, but they contain less than 3% of the population.

To the north the Caribbean coast, home to 20% of the population, generally consists of low-lying plains, but it also contains the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range and the Guajira Desert.

By contrast the narrow and discontinuous Pacific coastal lowlands, backed by the Serranía de Baudó mountains, are covered in dense vegetation and sparsely populated.

Mountains and Valleys of Luzon, Philippines

March 26th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Philippines - March 22nd, 2009

Philippines - March 22nd, 2009

Luzon is the largest and most economically and politically important island in the Philippines and one of the three island groups in the country. As an island group, it includes the island of Luzon itself, plus the Batanes and Babuyan groups of islands to the north, and the main and outlying islands of Catanduanes, Marinduque, Masbate, Romblon, and Mindoro in the south.

Luzon’s area is 104,688 square kilometers, making it the world’s 15th largest island. It is the fifth most populous island in the world. Located on Luzon are the country’s capital, Manila, and its most populous city, Quezon City.

To the west of Luzon island is the South China Sea (Luzon Sea in Philippine territorial waters), to the east is the Philippine Sea, and to the north is Luzon Strait containing Babuyan Channel and Balintang Channel.

The main part of the island is roughly rectangular in shape and has the long Bicol Peninsula protruding to the southeast. The northern part of the island contains the largest mountain range in the country, the Cordillera Central, where Mount Pulag, the second highest mountain in the country at 2,922 meters, is located.

To the east of the Cordillera Central is the large Cagayan Valley. To the east of the valley rises the Sierra Madre mountain range, easily the longest range in the country, which snakes southwards into the central and southern part of the island. Between it and the Zambales Mountains to the west is the largest plain, the Central Luzon plain. This plain, approximately 11,000 km² in size, is the country’s largest producer of rice.

The largest lake in the country, and also the largest inland lake in Southeast Asia, the Laguna de Bay (Old Spanish, Lake of Bay town). Its size and green waters make it easily identifiable towards the southern part of the island.