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Posts tagged Cordillera Central

Cordillera Central and Lingayen Gulf of Luzon, Philippines

16.5N 121.2E

May 27th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Philippines - May 18th, 2011

This image shows central to northern Luzon, the largest island in the Philippines. The northern part of the island contains the large mountain range, the Cordillera Central.

To the east of the Cordillera Central is the large Cagayan Valley. To the east of the valley rises the Sierra Madre mountain range, easily the longest range in the country.

The Lingayen Gulf can be observed on the west side of the island in the lower left quadrant. It is an extension of the South China Sea, stretching 56 km. It sits between the Zambales Mountains and the Cordillera Central.

Cebu City Between Cordillera Central and Mactan Island, Philippines

10.3N 123.8E

June 6th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Philippines - June 2nd, 2010

Philippines - June 2nd, 2010

This orthorectified image shows Cebu Island, south-central Philippines. Located on Cebu Island’s eastern coast is Cebu City, protected by offshore Mactan Island and by the inland Cordillera Central.

It is one of the nation’s largest cities and a bustling port. Its harbour is provided by the sheltered strait between Mactan Island and the coast.

The nation’s oldest settlement, it is also one of its most historic and retains much of the flavour of its long Spanish heritage.

Mountains, Coastal Plains and River Valleys of Haiti

January 12th, 2010 Category: Image of the day

Haiti - December 31st, 2009

Haiti - December 31st, 2009

Haiti is situated on the western part of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Greater Antilles. Haiti is the third largest country in the Caribbean behind Cuba and the Dominican Republic (the latter shares a 360 kilometer (224 mi) border with Haiti). Haiti’s terrain consists mainly of rugged mountains interspersed with small coastal plains and river valleys.

The northern region consists of the Massif du Nord (Northern Massif) and the Plaine du Nord (Northern Plain). The Massif du Nord is an extension of the Cordillera Central in the Dominican Republic. It begins at Haiti’s eastern border, north of the Guayamouc River, and extends to the northwest through the northern peninsula. The lowlands of the Plaine du Nord lie along the northern border with the Dominican Republic, between the Massif du Nord and the North Atlantic Ocean.

The central region consists of two plains and two sets of mountain ranges. The Plateau Central (Central Plateau) extends along both sides of the Guayamouc River, south of the Massif du Nord. It runs from the southeast to the northwest. To the southwest of the Plateau Central are the Montagnes Noires (Black Mountains) whose most northwestern part merges with the Massif du Nord. Its westernmost point is known as Cap Carcasse.

The southern region consists of the Plaine du Cul-de-Sac (the southeast) and the mountainous southern peninsula (also known as the Tiburon Peninsula). The Plaine du Cul-de-Sac is a natural depression which harbors the country’s saline lakes, such as Trou Caïman and Haiti’s largest lake, Lac Azuei.

The Chaîne de la Selle mountain range, an extension of the southern mountain chain of the Dominican Republic (the Sierra de Baoruco), extends from the Massif de la Selle in the east to the Massif de la Hotte in the west. This mountain range harbors Pic la Selle, the highest point in Haiti at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft).

The country’s most important valley in terms of crops is the Plaine de l’Artibonite, which is oriented south of the Montagnes Noires. This region supports the country’s (also Hispaniola’s) longest river, the Riviere l’Artibonite which begins in the western region of the Dominican Republic and continues most of its length through central Haiti and onward where it empties into the Golfe de la Gonâve. The eastern and central region of the island is a large elevated plateau.

Cordillera Central of the Andes Mountains, Colombia

2.5N 76W

December 4th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Colombia - November 15th, 2009

Colombia - November 15th, 2009

In Colombia, near the Ecuadorian frontier, the Andes Mountains divide into three distinct, roughly parallel chains, called cordilleras, that extend northeastward almost to the Caribbean Sea. Altitudes reach more than 18,700 ft (5,700 m), and mountain peaks are permanently covered with snow.

This orthorectified image focuses on the Cordillera Central, the loftiest of the mountain systems. Its crystalline rocks form a towering wall dotted with snow-covered volcanoes that is 500 mi (800 km) long. There are no plateaus in this range and no passes under 10,825 ft (3,300 m).

The Cordillera Central in Haiti and the Dominican Republic

19.0N 74W

October 21st, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Haiti and Caribbean Neighbors - September 30th, 2009

Haiti and Caribbean Neighbors - September 30th, 2009

Several Caribbean islands and nations can be seen here, including Haiti and parts of the Dominican Republic (right), Cuba (center left), Jamaica (lower left), some islands of the Bahamas (north and northeast of Cuba) and the Turks and Caicos Islands (north of Haiti).

Of note is the Cordillera Central range, the greatest of the Dominican Republic’s mountain chains, visible as a dark green area stretching from the Haiti-Dominican Republic border to the far right edge of the image. The Cordillera Central extends from the plains between San Cristóbal and Baní to the northwestern peninsula of Haiti, where it is known as Massif du Nord.

Pico Duarte, the highest peak in all of the Caribbean islands, can be found in the Cordillera Central. The mountain’s height continues to be debated; the official elevation as recorded by Dominican government agencies is 3,087 meters, while 2003 estimates using GPS technology have found it to be 3,098 meters.