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Posts tagged Cordillera Central

San Juan on Northeastern Coast of Puerto Rico

18.4N 66.1W

February 8th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Puerto Rico - December 23rd, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the topography of the island of Puerto Rico. The maximum width of the island from north to south is 65 km (40 mi) and the maximum length of the island from east to west is 180 km (110 mi).

Visible as a white area along the north-eastern coast is San Juan, the capital and most populous municipality in Puerto Rico. It lies south of the Atlantic Ocean; north of Caguas and Trujillo Alto; east of and Guaynabo; and west of Carolina. The city occupies an area of 76.93 square miles (199.2 km2), of which, 29.11 square miles (75.4 km2) (37.83%) is water.

Puerto Rico is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. The main mountain range is called “La Cordillera Central” (The Central Range). The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 1,339 meters (4,393 ft),[117] is located in this range. Another important peak is El Yunque, one of the highest in the Sierra de Luquillo at the El Yunque National Forest, with an elevation of 1,065 m (3,494 ft).

Mountains of Panama Forming Continental Divide

9.0N 79.6W

January 29th, 2012 Category: Mountains

Panama - December 24th, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the mountains of Panama, a Central American country, bordering both the Caribbean Sea (above) and the Pacific Ocean (below), between Colombia (to the east) and Costa Rica (to the west).

The dominant feature of the country’s landform is the central spine of mountains and hills that forms the continental divide. The divide does not form part of the great mountain chains of North America, and only near the Colombian border are there highlands related to the Andean system of South America. The spine that forms the divide is the highly eroded arch of an uplift from the sea bottom, in which peaks were formed by volcanic intrusions.

The mountain range of the divide is called the Cordillera de Talamanca near the Costa Rican border. Farther east it becomes the Serranía de Tabasará, and the portion of it closer to the lower saddle of the isthmus, where the canal is located, is often called the Sierra de Veraguas. As a whole, the range between Costa Rica and the canal is generally referred to by geographers as the Cordillera Central.

 

Lake Bayano and Surrounding Mountains, Panama

9.1N 78.7W

January 22nd, 2012 Category: Lakes

Panama - December 24th, 2011

Lake Bayano is a man-made lake in the eastern part of Panamá Province, Panama. It is visible near the center of this orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image. It was created when the Bayano River was dammed in 1976. The dam powers a hydroelectric plant that continues to supply Panama City and the surrounding provinces with electricity.

While the land around the lake appears flat, the terrain becomes mountainous closer to the coasts. The dominant feature of Panama’s landform is the central spine of mountains and hills that forms the continental divide. The divide does not form part of the great mountain chains of North America, and only near the Colombian border are there highlands related to the Andean system of South America. The spine that forms the divide is the highly eroded arch of an uplift from the sea bottom, in which peaks were formed by volcanic intrusions.

Cordillera Central: Mountains of Puerto Rico – January 17th, 2012

18.2N 66.4W

January 17th, 2012 Category: Image of the day, Mountains

Puerto Rico - January 3rd, 2012

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows the island of Puerto Rico. The maximum length of the main island from east to west is 180 km (110 mi), and the maximum width from north to south is 65 km (40 mi). Puerto Rico is the smallest of the Greater Antilles.

Puerto Rico is mostly mountainous with large coastal areas in the north and south. The main mountain range is called “La Cordillera Central” (The Central Range). The highest elevation in Puerto Rico, Cerro de Punta 1,339 meters (4,393 ft),[117] is located in this range. Another important peak is El Yunque, one of the highest in the Sierra de Luquillo at the El Yunque National Forest, with an elevation of 1,065 m (3,494 ft).

Northern Luzon and Babuyan Islands, Philippines

17.2N 120.8E

June 16th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Philippines - May 23rd, 2011

This image shows the northern part of the island of Luzon, in the Philippines. The northern area contains the large mountain range, the Cordillera Central which is covered in a mixture of Luzon tropical pine forests and Luzon montane rain forests.

Visible across the Babuyan Channel, to the north of the island, are the Babuyan Islands. They form an archipelago consisting of five major islands located in the Luzon Strait north of Luzon island in the Philippines. Geologically the islands are part of the Luzon Volcanic Arc.

Visible at the lower left is the Lingayen Gulf, an extension of the South China Sea by Luzon that sits between the Zambales Mountains and the Cordillera Central. The Agno River drains into the gulf.

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