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Posts tagged Central Siberian Plateau

The Baikal and Barguzin Ranges Around the Northern End of Lake Baikal, Russia – November 3rd, 2009

55.7N 109.5E

November 3rd, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Russia - October 5th, 2009

Russia - October 5th, 2009

The northern end of Lake Baikal in southern Siberia, Russia, is surrounded by the Baikal Mountains to the west and north and the Barguzin Range to the east. In this image, taken in early autumn, the mountains are capped with snow although the lake is not yet frozen over.

The Baikal Mountains or Baikal Range rise steeply over the northwestern shore of Lake Baikal. Their highest peak is Chersky Mountain at 2572 m. The Baikal Mountains, along with the Eastern Sayan Mountains, provide the southern boundary of the Central Siberian Plateau.

The Barguzin Range has a length of 280 km, and heights of up to 2,840 m. It is mostly covered by larch taiga. The range bounds the Barguzin Valley from the northwest. A part of the Barguzin Preserve is located on the Western slopes of the range.

Valleys and Ridges of the Central Siberian Plateau, Russia

59.2N 86.3E

June 14th, 2009 Category: Rivers, Snapshots

Russia - June 8th, 2009

Russia - June 8th, 2009

Ridges and valleys

Ridges and valleys

The Central Siberian Plateau is made up of sharply demarcated surfaces of varying altitudes. The plateau, extending over an area of 3.5 million kmĀ², occupies most of Siberia between the Yenisei and Lena Rivers. However, its major river is the Lower Tunguska, which can be seen snaking its way around the foot of the mountains in the lower part of main image.

Here, the snow present at higher altitudes, but absent in lower-laying valleys, accentuates the ridges of the terrain. In the close-up, rivers are visible flowing through each of the snow-free valleys.

To the north of the plateau are the Putoran Mountains while to the south are the Eastern Sayan and the Baikal Mountains. To the east the plateau, the mountainous terrain gives way to the low-lying land of the Yakuts.

The climate is continental, with short warm summers and long and very cold winters. Most of the territory is covered with conifer forests. Known geologically as the Siberian Traps, mineral resources here are very rich and include coal, iron ore, gold, diamonds and natural gas.