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Posts tagged Central America

Gulf of Fonseca and Lakes Managua and Nicaragua, Central America

13.2N 87.7W

December 18th, 2012 Category: Lakes

El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua – December 16th, 2012

The irregularly shaped bay on the Pacific Coast of Central America is the Gulf of Fonseca, bordering El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. Visible to the southeast is Lake Managua (light green) and Lake Nicaragua (dark green, bottom right corner), both in Nicaragua. West of the gulf, numerous volcanic peaks can be seen, parallel to the coast.

Lakes Nicaragua and Managua, and Gulf of Fonseca, Along Nicaraguan Coast – November 27th, 2011

12.1N 86.2W

November 27th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Nicaragua - November 22nd, 2011

Visible along the southern coast of Central America are the Gulf of Fonseca, Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua (northwest to southeast along the coast). The Gulf of Fonseca, part of the Pacific Ocean, borders El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua. It covers an area of approximately 3,200 square kilometres (1,200 sq mi), with a coastline that extends for 261 kilometres (162 mi), of which 185 kilometres (115 mi) are in Honduras, 40 kilometres (25 mi) in Nicaragua, and 29 kilometres (18 mi) in El Salvador.

Lake Managua (also known as Lake Xolotlán) is a lake in Nicaragua. At 1,042 km², it is approximately 65 km long and 25 km wide. The city of Managua, the capital of Nicaragua, lies on its southwestern shore. The lake has been severely polluted, mostly by decades of sewage being dumped into the lake.

Lake Nicaragua is a vast freshwater lake of tectonic origin, located, as the name might suggest, in Nicaragua. With an area of 8264 km2, it is the largest lake in Central America, the 19th largest lake in the world (by area) and the 9th largest in the Americas. It is slightly smaller than Lake Titicaca. With an elevation of 32.7 m above sea level, the lake reaches a depth of 26 m. It is intermittently joined by the Tipitapa River to Lake Managua.

High Chance of Tropical Cyclone Formation Near Colombia and Venezuela

12.2N 73.7W

September 23rd, 2010 Category: Tropical Storms

Area of Low Pressure Near Colombia and Venezuela - September 22nd, 2010

Enhanced image

Enhanced image

Track of Low Pressure Area - September 22nd, 2010 © Univ. of Wisconsin

Track of Low Pressure Area

The area of low pressure in the south-central Caribbean Sea became a little better defined Wednesday evening. Environmental conditions appear favorable for development and this system could become a tropical depression during the next day or two as it moves westward at 15 mph toward the western
Caribbean.

There is a high chance (60 percent) of this system becoming a tropical cyclone during the next 48 hours. Regardless of development, this system has the potential to produce heavy rainfall over northern Venezuela and Colombia during the next day or so, and over portions of Central America in a couple of days.

Caribbean Coast of Honduras

15.9N 88.1W

June 19th, 2010 Category: Snapshots

Honduras - June 6th, 2010

Honduras - June 6th, 2010

Honduras is located in Central America. It has an area of 43,433 sq mi (112,492 sq km) and a population (2009 est.) of about 7,466,000. The capital is Tegucigalpa.

The second largest country in Central America, Honduras has an almost 400-mi (645-km) coastline on the Caribbean Sea to the north (part of which is visible here) and a 45-mi (72-km) coast centered on the Gulf of Fonseca on the Pacific Ocean side of the isthmus. More than three-fourths of Honduras is mountainous.

Volcanoes on Coastal Plain of El Salvador – November 26th, 2009

13.4N 88.1W

November 26th, 2009 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

El Salvador - November 14th, 2009

El Salvador - November 14th, 2009

Many volcanic peaks dot the landscape of central-eastern El Salvador, to the east of the Lempa River and north of Jiquilisco Bay, in this orthorectified image. To the east of these clusters of volcanoes is San Miguel, the fourth most populous city in El Salvador.

San Miguel is also the name of the stratovolcano located about 15km southwest of the city. The volcano, also known as Chaparrastique, is one of the most active volcanoes in the country.

North of the San Miguel volcano is Chinameca (also known as El Pacayal), a stratovolcano that rises over the town of Chinameca. The volcano is topped by a 2 km wide caldera known as Laguna Seca del Pacayal. A satellite cone on the west side, Cerro el Limbo, rises higher than the caldera rim. Fumaroles can be found on the north side, and it has been the site of a geothermal exploration program.

Continuing westward, the large stratovolcano Usulután can be identified as the peak on the coastal plain closest to the bay. The volcano is topped by a 1.3 km wide summit crater which is breached to the east.

West of Usulután is the Taburete stratovolcano. It is topped by a well-preserved, 150-300 m (500–1000 ft) deep summit crater, with the true summit on the south side of the crater rim.

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