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Posts tagged Cambodia

Vegetation Index of Thailand and Neighboring Countries

16.0N 101.3E

June 16th, 2012 Category: Vegetation Index

Thailand - December 31st, 2011

This FAPAR image focuses on Thailand, showing the country’s vegetation index. Parts of Myanmar (left), Laos (upper right quadrant) and Cambodia (lower right quadrant) are also visible. The index in central Thailand is quite low, as is evidenced by the light yellow false-coloring. The index is highest (rusty red) in the mountains in the upper left quadrant and along the Malay Peninsula in the lower left quadrant. The rest of the image shows a generally good index of photosynthetic activity (green).

Sediments Entering Tonlé Sap, Cambodia

12.9N 104.0E

February 7th, 2012 Category: Lakes

Cambodia - December 17th, 2011

The Tonle Sap is the largest freshwater lake in Southeast Asia. It is of global significance and was nominated as a Biosphere Reserve in October 1997 under the Man and Biosphere Program of UNESCO Here, sediments can be seen entering the lake from rivers along the northern shoreline.

The Tonle Sap’s watershed supports an estimated 3 million Cambodians, most of whom derive subsistence-level incomes mainly through fishing from the lake. The Tonle Sap’s natural resources are coming under pressure from exploitation of the fisheries but also firewood collection, agricultural encroachment, and hunting and collecting of wildlife resources.

Kampong Som Bay and Koh Rong Island, Cambodia

10.6N 103.5E

January 16th, 2012 Category: Snapshots

Cambodia - January 14th, 2012

This APM image shows the Kampong Som Bay in Cambodia. The Kampong Som River can be seen entering the bay at the upper right corner. Visible on the southeastern shores of the bay is a port in the province of Sihanoukville, appearing here as a yellow area.

Visible at the lower reaches of the bay is Koh Rong, the second largest island of Cambodia. It is located in Koh Kong Province about 25 kilometers off the Sihanoukville’s coast in the Gulf of Thailand, and has an area of approximately 78 km2.

Tonlé Sap During Middle of Dry Season, Cambodia

12.9N 104.0E

January 14th, 2012 Category: Lakes

Cambodia - January 14th, 2012

This APM image shows the western part of the Tonlé Sap (loosely translated as “Great Lake”) and surrounding floodplain. The Tonlé Sap is the largest freshwater lake in South East Asia, and is part of a complex lake and river system.

The Tonlé Sap is unusual for two reasons: its flow changes direction twice a year, and the portion that forms the lake expands and shrinks dramatically with the seasons. From November to May, Cambodia’s dry season, the Tonlé Sap drains into the Mekong River at Phnom Penh. However, when the year’s heavy rains begin in June, the Tonlé Sap backs up to form an enormous lake. This image shows the lake towards the middle of the dry season.

Phnom Penh on Banks of Mekong River, Cambodia

11.5N 104.9E

December 28th, 2011 Category: Rivers

Cambodia - December 24th, 2011

This APM image shows the city of Phnom Penh, the capital and largest city of Cambodia, located on the banks of the Mekong River. The municipality extends over a larger area, and is situated on the banks of the Tonlé Sap, Mekong, and Bassac rivers.

The city covers an area of 678.46 square kilometres (262 sq mi), with some 11,401 hectares (28,172 acres) in the municipality. The agricultural land in the municipality amounts to 34.685 square kilometres (13 sq mi) with some 1.476 square kilometres (365 acres) under irrigation. Phnom Penh and the surrounding areas consist of the typical wet plain area for Cambodia.