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Posts tagged Brunei

Vegetation Index of Borneo, Home to One of World’s Oldest Rainforests

0.8N 112.5E

February 17th, 2012 Category: Vegetation Index

Indonesia - January 4th, 2012

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of Borneo, the third largest island in the world. It is located north of Java Island, Indonesia, at the geographic centre of Maritime Southeast Asia. The island is divided among three countries: Brunei, Indonesia and Malaysia. 

Borneo is home to one of the oldest rainforests in the world, along with the Daintree Rainforest in Australia and the Amazon rainforest. The island historically had extensive rainforest cover, but the area shrank rapidly due to heavy logging for the needs of the Malaysian plywood industry. Despite this, the vegetation index is generally good (green) throughout the island, with patches of high activity (rusty red) scattered throughout.

Borneo: Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei

May 9th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Borneo - April 23rd, 2009

Borneo - April 23rd, 2009

Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of Maritime Southeast Asia. Administratively, this island is divided between Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei.

Indonesians refer to the island as “Kalimantan.” However, for people outside of Indonesia, “Kalimantan” refers to the Indonesian part of the island, visible here to the East. Some sediments can be seen along the eastern coast, just below the border with Malaysia.

Malaysia’s region of Borneo is called East Malaysia or Malaysian Borneo, partially visible here to the North and West.

The independent nation of Brunei occupies the remainder of the island, near the coast at the far left edge of the image in the area with the least cloud cover.

Borneo is surrounded by the South China Sea to the north and northwest, the Sulu Sea to the northeast, the Celebes Sea and the Makassar Strait to the east, and the Java Sea and Karimata Strait to the south.

Sediments in Brunei Bay and Rajang Rivermouth

March 27th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Malaysia - March 22nd, 2009

Malaysia - March 22nd, 2009

A dense tan flow of sediments makes its way into the South China Sea from the mouth of the Rajang River in Sarawak, Malaysia. The river is located in northwest of Borneo and it originates in the Iran Mountains. The river flows approximately 563 km to the sea, making it the longest river in Malaysia.

Up the coast, sediments can also be seen on the northern shores of Brunei Bay, the gateway to Brunei and Borneo. It is located east of Bandar Seri Begawan.  It is a deeply indented bay with an area of about 250,000 ha, shared between Brunei Darussalam and the East Malaysian States of Sarawak and Sabah.

A chain of islands including the large Malaysian island of Labuan forms the boundary between the bay and the South China Sea. Freshwater flows into the bay via a labyrinth of interconnecting channels and waterways.

Most of the east and south shores of the bay are covered in extensive mangrove forests with associated mudflats and sandflats at the mouths of the major estuaries. The mangrove forests form a continuous, intact forest within Bruneian territory, but those within the adjacent Sarawak territory have been largely clear-felled to supply the wood-chip industry.

The major rivers entering the Brunei Estuary in the southwest are the Brunei, Limbang, Temburong, Bangar and Trusan. The Limbang and Temburong drain catchments which are predominantly primary rainforest, and carry high silt loads.

The smaller Brunei River receives the drainage from the city of Bandar Seri Begawan and its environment, and is therefore subject to considerable urban pollution. Several smaller rivers drain the extensive peat swamp forests of Temburong District. These carry very small silt loads, but are rich in peat and woody debris.