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Posts tagged Baltic Sea

Climate Change and the Danish Coastline – April 21st, 2013

56.0N 10.0E

April 21st, 2013 Category: Climate Change, Image of the day

Denmark- April 20th, 2013

The Danish coastline measures 4605 km, bordering the Baltic Sea in the east and the North Sea in the west. Along the western coast, the country consists of a large peninsula, Jutland. Denmark is known for its many islands as Zealand and Lolland as well as its hundreds of minor islands often referred to as the Danish Archipelago.

The main climate change risks for the coastal zones of Denmark are likely to come from increased rainfall and flash storms. Also, the loss of eco-systems or wetlands due to climate change deserves attention.

The main populated areas of Denmark vulnerable to coastal flooding and erosion are the municipalities of Lolland and Greve situated along the Baltic Sea as well as the west coast of Jutland which is exposed to the North Sea.

Salt marshes and dunes are commonly found along the Danish coastline, especially along the west coast of Jutland. The areas constitute important natural habitats for a large number of plant and animal species (click here for more information).

Conditions in Bothnian Sea, Finland and Sweden

60.5N 19.6E

February 15th, 2013 Category: Climate Change

Finland – January 22nd, 2013

The Bothnian Sea is the southern part of the Gulf of Bothnia, which is situated between Sweden, to the West, Finland, to the East, and the Sea of Åland and Archipelago Sea to the South. The Bothnian Sea, with a surface area of approximately 79,000 km², occupies about one-fifth of the total of the Baltic Sea.

The Bothnian Sea is different from other sea areas of the Baltic Sea. On the whole it is good condition and its open sea is even in excellent condition. On the other hand, eutrophication, the ecosystem response of an aquatic system to the addition of artificial or natural substances, such as nitrates and phosphates through fertilizers or sewage, is threatening to increase, both in the open sea and near the coast. Eutrophication exemplifies the deterioration in the condition of the sea. Climate change, chemicalisation and changes in species also present challenges.

Kaliningrad Between Curonian and Vistula Lagoons, Russia

54.7N 20.5E

April 24th, 2012 Category: Lakes

Russia - January 4th, 2012

Visible near the shoreline in this wide-swath ASAR image is Kaliningrad Oblast, an exclave of Russia surrounded by Lithuania, Poland, and the Baltic Sea. Notable geographical features include: the Curonian Lagoon (shared with Lithuania, above) and the Vistula Lagoon (shared with Poland, below). Visible inland between the two lagoons is Kaliningrad, the administrative center and major city of the oblast.

Island of Gotland and Vättern Lake, Sweden

57.8N 18.8E

February 21st, 2012 Category: Lakes

Sweden - December 29th, 2011

This wide-swath ASAR image shows Gotland (near right edge), Sweden’s largest island and the largest island in the Baltic Sea. However, with its total area of 3,140 square kilometers, the island of Gotland and the other areas of the province of Gotland make up less than one percent of Sweden’s total land area.

The province of Gotland includes the small islands of Fårö and Gotska Sandön to the north and some tiny islands, including the Karlsö Islands (Lilla and Stora) to the west. The island of Gotland has an area of 2,994 km², whereas the province has 3,183.7 km² (3,151 km² of land excluding the lakes and rivers). Gotland is located about 90 km east of the Swedish mainland and about 130 km from the Baltic States, Latvia being the nearest.

Visible on the Swedish mainland near the left edge is Vättern, the second largest lake (by surface area) in Sweden, and the sixth largest lake in Europe. It is a long, finger-shaped body of fresh water in south central Sweden to the southeast of Vänern pointing at the tip of Scandinavia. The lake’s total surface area is about 1,912 km2 (738 sq mi), with a drainage basin a little over double that, about 4,503 km2 (1,739 sq mi). The deepest known point, located to the south of the island of Visingsö, is 128 meters (420 ft). The average depth is 41 meters (135 ft). The lake has a perimeter of about 642 km (399 mi). The volume is 77.0 km3 (18.5 cu mi). These numbers tend to be fixed, as the level of the lake is regulated.

Stockholm on South-Central East Coast of Sweden – February 18th, 2012

59.3N 18.0E

February 18th, 2012 Category: Image of the day

Sweden - December 29th, 2011

This wide-swath ASAR image shows Stockholm, the capital and the largest city of Sweden, visible as a white area near the center. It constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia, with a population of 851,155 in the municipality (2010), 1.37 million in the urban area (2010), and around 2.1 million in the 6,519 km2 (2,517.00 sq mi) metropolitan area (2010). As of 2010, the Stockholm metropolitan area is home to approximately 22% of Sweden’s population.

Stockholm is located on Sweden’s south-central east coast, where Lake Mälaren meets the Baltic Sea. The central parts of the city consist of fourteen islands that are continuous with the Stockholm archipelago. The geographical city centre is situated on the water, in Riddarfjärden Bay. Over 30% of the city area is made up of waterways and another 30% is made up of parks and green spaces.