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Volcanoes of Java and the Lesser Sunda Islands

8.5S 115.0E

September 29th, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Indonesia – August 31st, 2012

The chain of islands on the right side of this image belong to the northern archipelago of the Lesser Sunda Islands, including Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores and Wetar. The archipelago is volcanic in origin, with a number of still active volcanoes, such as Mount Rinjani on Lombok. Others, however, such as Kelimutu, on Flores, are extinct.

Visible on the left side of the image, west of the Lesser Sunda Islands chain, is the island of Java. Formed mostly as the result of volcanic eruptions, Java is the 13th largest island in the world and the fifth largest island in Indonesia. A chain of volcanic mountains, easily visible in this image, forms an east-west spine along the island.

Islands of Indonesia from Java to Lombok

8.4S 116.4E

February 15th, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Indonesia - February 9th, 2012

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows several islands in Indonesia: (from left to right) Java (mainly East Java), Bali and Lombok. Also visible at the top are Madura (left) and Saubi (right).

East Java is a province of Indonesia. It is located on the eastern part of the island of Java and includes neighboring Madura and islands to its east (the Kangean and Sapudi groups) and to its north (Bawean and the Masalembu Islands). The provincial capital is Surabaya, the second largest city in Indonesia and a major industrial center and port.

Many volcanic peaks can be seen on the islands. One of the most prominent is Mount Rinjani, on Lombok, visible near the right edge. This active volcano on Lombok rises to 3726 m, making it the second highest volcano in Indonesia. On the top of the volcano is a 6 km by 8.5 km caldera, partially filled by Segara Anak (Child of the Sea) lake. This lake is approximately 2000 metres above sea level and estimated at 200 metres deep.

Volcanoes on Indonesian Island Chain

8.6S 116.3E

January 4th, 2012 Category: Volcanoes

Indonesia - December 22nd, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image shows several islands in Indonesia: (from left to right) Java, Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa. Also visible at the top are Madura (left) and Saubi (center).

Many volcanic peaks can be seen on the islands. One of the most prominent is Mount Rinjani, on Lombok. This active volcano on Lombok rises to 3726 m, making it the second highest volcano in Indonesia. On the top of the volcano is a 6 km by 8.5 km caldera, partially filled by Segara Anak (Child of the Sea) lake. This lake is approximately 2000 metres above sea level and estimated at 200 metres deep.

 

Mount Rinjani and Ripples Between Indonesian Islands – December 16th, 2011

8.4S 116.4E

December 16th, 2011 Category: Image of the day, Volcanoes

Indonesia - December 11th, 2011

This orthorectified wide-swath ASAR image focuses on Bali, an Indonesian island located in the westernmost end of the Lesser Sunda Islands, lying between Java to the west (left edge) and Lombok to the east (right edge).

Of particular note on the islands are many volcanic peaks. One of the most prominent is Mount Rinjani, an active volcano on Lombok. It rises to 3726 m, making it the second highest volcano in Indonesia. On the top of the volcano is a 6 km by 8.5 km caldera, which is filled partially by the crater lake known as Segara Anak (Child of the Sea). This lake is approximately 2000 metres above sea level and estimated at 200 metres deep.

Visible at the top edge in the upper right quadrant is Saubi, one of the islands of the Kangean Archipelago. Administratively, the island is located in East Java, Indonesia. Multiple parallel rows of semicircular ripples can be seen spreading northwards from Bali and Lombok towards Saubi.

Indonesia’s Lesser Sunda Islands

8.5S 116.6E

August 3rd, 2009 Category: Snapshots, Volcanoes

Indonesia - July 2nd, 2009

Indonesia - July 2nd, 2009

From left to right, the largest Indonesian islands visible here are Java, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba and Flores. All except Java are part of the Lesser Sunda Islands, or Nusa Tenggara, group.

The island of Bali, surrounded by coral reefs, lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south; its land area is 5,632 km². The highest point is Mount Agung at 3,142 m (10,308 feet) high, an active volcano.

Lombok, east of Bali, is roughly circular, with a “tail” to the southwest, about 70 km across and a total area of about 4,725 km² (1,825 sq mi).

Sumbawa has an area of 15,448 km² (three times the size of its western neighbor Lombok). It is a volcanic island, lying within the Pacific Ring of Fire, including the volcano Mount Tambor.

Finally, the island of Sumba has an area of 11,153 km². There is a dry season from May to November and a rainy season from December to April.

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