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Posts tagged Ayeyarwady River

Vegetation Index of Myanmar Around Irrawaddy River and in Shan State

18.2N 96.0E

February 21st, 2010 Category: Vegetation Index

Myanmar - February 16th, 2010

Myanmar - February 16th, 2010

This FAPAR image shows the vegetation index of Myanmar near the Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) River. The valley around the river appears white to yellow in color, indicating a low index of photosynthetic activity.

The hillier and more mountainous areas around the valley appear green to red, indicating a good to high rate of activity, respectively. The land also appears mostly green further east in Shan State, which borders China to the north, Laos to the east, and Thailand to the south, covering almost a quarter of Myanmar’s total area. Most of Shan State is a hilly plateau; there are higher mountains in the north and south.

Second Defile of the Ayeyarwady River near Bhamo, Myanmar

24.2N 97.2E

July 31st, 2009 Category: Rivers

Myanmar - June 29th, 2009

Myanmar - June 29th, 2009

In this orthorectified image, the Ayeyarwady River flows downward through the southern part of Kachin State, Myanmar. The two largest white areas along its banks are the towns of Bhamo (right) and Shwegu (left of center).

The Ayeyarwady arises further north in Kachin State by the confluence of the N’mai and Mali Rivers, which both have their sources in the Himalayan glaciers of Northern Myanmar.

The town of Bhamo, about 150 miles (240 km) south of the Mali and N’mai river confluence, is the northernmost city reachable by boat all the year round, although during the monsoons most of the river cannot be used by boats.

However, the city of Myitkyina, lying 30 miles (48 km) south of the confluence, is the northernmost city reachable by boat, but can only be reached during the dry season.

Between Myitkyina and Mandalay, the Irrawaddy flows through three well-marked defiles. The second defile is visible here as the curve near Bhamo.

Below the town, the river makes a sharp westward swing, leaving the Bhamo alluvial basin to cut through the limestone rocks of the second defile. This defile is about 300 feet (90 m) wide at its narrowest and is flanked by vertical cliffs about 200 to 300 feet (60 to 90 metres) high.

Kachin Hills and Ayeyarwady River, Myanmar

25.3N 97.3E

July 24th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Myanmar - June 29th, 2009

Myanmar - June 29th, 2009

The Kachin Hills are a heavily forested group of highlands in the extreme northeastern of Kachin State, the northernmost state in Myanmar. Kachin State has Myanmar’s highest mountain, Hkakabo Razi (5,889 metres (19,320 ft)), forming the southern tip of the Himalayas.

The land within the Kachin Hill tracts is roughly estimated at 19,177 sq. mi., and consists of a series of ranges, for the most part running north and south. These ranges are intersected by valleys, all leading towards the Ayeyarwady River (right) which drains the country.

The capital city of Kachin State, Myitkyina, lies on the west bank of the Ayeyarwady River. It is the northernmost river port and railway terminus in Myanmar. In the full, orthorectified image, some other populated areas can be seen in a valley at the lower left.

Ayeyarwady River Valley Between Chin Hills and Shan Plateau, Myanmar

22.5N 93.5E

May 31st, 2009 Category: Rivers

Myanmar - May 12th, 2009

Myanmar - May 12th, 2009

The tan color of the Ayeyarwady Valley, where the majority of the  population of Myanmar lives, contrasts with the green of the Chin Hills (left) and the Shan Plateau (right). The Ayeyarwady River is visible as a green, winding line in the center of the valley.

The Shan Plateau is the primary source of the nation’s sapphires, rubies and other gems. It  averages about 3,000 feet in elevation, and is sparsely populated.

The Chin Hills, on the other hand, are also known as the Rakhine Yoma or Arakan Yoma Range. The highest peak is Khovumtung or Khonumthung (Mount Victoria) which reaches 3,053 meters (10,500 feet). The ecoregion has diverse forests that include pines, tea and teaks.

The Ayeyarwady Valley, Myanmar

21.1N 94.9E

May 17th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Myanmar - May 12th, 2009

Myanmar - May 12th, 2009

Myanmar, which has a total area of 678,500 square kilometres (261,970 sq mi), is the largest country in mainland Southeast Asia.

Three mountain ranges, namely the Rakhine Yoma, the Bago Yoma, and the Shan Plateau exist within Myanmar, all of which run north-to-south from the Himalayas and divide the country’s three river systems.

Fertile plains exist in the valleys between the mountain chains. The majority of Myanmar’s population lives in the Ayeyarwady Valley, which is situated between the Rakhine Yoma and the Shan Plateau.

This valley, visible here, appears tan in color, while the two mountain ranges flanking it are bright green. The Ayeyarwady River can be seen meandering through the valley.