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Posts tagged Anatolian Plateau

Mountain Ranges of Southern Turkey and Cyprus

36.1N 33.4E

December 9th, 2011 Category: Mountains

Turkey - November 25th, 2011

The Taurus Mountains can be seen running through the center of this image, dividing the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau. The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the east. It has many peaks rising above 3,000–3,700 m, (10,000–12,000 ft).

Two other mountain ranges can also be observed on the island nation of Cyprus, to the south: Troodos Mountains and the smaller Kyrenia Range. They encompass a central plain, the Mesaoria.  The Troodos Mountains cover most of the southern and western portions of the island and account for roughly half its area. The highest point on Cyprus is Mount Olympus at 1,952 m (6,404 ft), located in the centre of the Troodos range. The narrow Kyrenia Range, extending along the northern coastline, occupies substantially less area, and elevations are lower, reaching a maximum of 1,024 m (3,360 ft).

Turkish Lakes Region and Sultan Mountains

37.7N 31.4E

December 8th, 2011 Category: Lakes, Mountains

Turkey - November 25th, 2011

This image shows several lakes in the Turkish Lakes Region: Lake Burdur (dark blue, by left edge), Lake Eğirdir (dark green northern basin and turquoise southern basin, center), Lake Beyşehir (bright turquoise, right) and Lake Akşehir (green, top center).

Separating Lake Akşehir from Lakes Eğirdir and Beyşehir are the Sultan Mountains, a short mountain range on the western edge of the Anatolian Plateau, Turkey. The range’s highest elevation is 1,980 m (6,500 ft). The western slopes are part of the Lake Beyşehir drainage basin.

Lake Burdur is a large saline lake of tectonic origin, positioned at the frontier between Burdur and Isparta provinces, in southwestern Turkey. It has an area of 250.00 km² and maximum depth variously reported at between 50 and 110 m, as water level in the lake fluctuates.

Lake Eğirdir has an area of 482 square kilometres (186 sq mi), making it is the fourth largest lake (second largest freshwater) in Turkey. Lake Beyşehir  is a large freshwater lake in Isparta and Konya provinces. It has an area of 650.00 km² and is 45 km long and 20 km wide.

Istanbul, the Bosphorus and Rugged Anatolian Terrain of Turkey

41.0N 28.9E

January 16th, 2010 Category: Snapshots

Turkey - December 31st, 2009

Turkey - December 31st, 2009

The whitish surface of the city of Istanbul, Turkey, is divided in two by the Bosphorus Strait. Upon opening the full version of this orthorectified image, ships can be seen north of the strait, in the Black Sea, and to the south, in the Sea of Marmara. Another body of water, Lake Iznik, is visible in the lower right quadrant.

The uneven north Anatolian terrain running along the Black Sea resembles a long, narrow belt. This region comprises approximately one-sixth of Turkey’s total land area. As a general trend, the inland Anatolian plateau becomes increasingly rugged as it progresses eastward.

Turkey’s varied landscapes are the product of complex earth movements that have shaped the region over thousands of years and still manifest themselves in fairly frequent earthquakes and occasional volcanic eruptions. The Bosporus and the Dardanelles owe their existence to the fault lines running through Turkey that led to the creation of the Black Sea. There is an earthquake fault line across the north of the country from west to east, which caused a major earthquake in 1999.