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Posts tagged African Great Lakes

Lake Malawi and Capital City of Lilongwe, Malawi

13.9S 33.7E

November 15th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Malawi - November 8th, 2011

This APM image shows a small section of the shoreline of Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyasa in most countries), an African Great Lake, in Malawi. The shoreline appears mountainous, as Lake Malawi lies in the Great Rift Valley that was formed by the opening of the East African Rift, where the African tectonic plate is being split into two pieces. It is the southernmost lake in the Great Rift Valley system of East Africa.

Further south, upon opening the full image, the city of Lilongwe can be observed as a yellowish area near the center right edge. It is the capital and largest city of Malawi, with an estimated population of 902,388 as of 2009.

Lilongwe lies in the country’s central region, on the Lilongwe River, near the border of Malawi, Mozambique, and Zambia, and on the main north-south highway of Malawi. Lilongwe features a humid subtropical climate that borders on a subtropical highland climate, with pleasantly warm summers and mild “winters”. Due to the altitude, temperatures are lower than would be expected for a city located in the tropics.

African Great Lakes: Victoria, Tanganyika and Malawi

5S 32.0E

September 26th, 2011 Category: Lakes

Africa - August 12th, 2011

The African Great Lakes are a series of lakes and the Rift Valley lakes in and around the geographic Great Rift Valley formed by the action of the tectonic East African Rift on the continent of Africa.

They include Lake Victoria (partially visible amongst the clouds at the top), the second largest fresh water lake in the world in terms of surface area, and Lake Tanganyika (left), the world’s second largest in volume as well as the second deepest.

Visible in the lower right corner is part of Lake Malawi, also considered one of the Great Lakes. Visible between Lakes Tanganyika and Malawi is the golden brown Lake Rukwa.

 

 

Lakes Tanganyika and Rukwa in Tanzania – August 1st, 2010

8S 32.2E

August 1st, 2010 Category: Image of the day, Lakes

Tanzania - July 17th, 2010

Tanzania - July 17th, 2010

Lake Tanganyika appears as a thick dark blue line, cutting across the terrain of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Tanzania and Zambia. It is an African Great Lake and is estimated to be the second largest freshwater lake in the world by volume.

Visible to the right of Lake Tanganyika is Lake Rukwa, in southwestern Tanzania. In contrast to its neighbor, its waters appear a golden brown color. It is an alkaline lake whose size has fluctuated greatly over the years, due to varying inflow of streams. Currently it is about 180 km long and averages about 32 km wide, making it about 5760 square kilometres in size.

African Great and Rift Valley Lakes

8S 32.4E

July 1st, 2010 Category: Lakes

Central Africa - April 17th, 2010

Central Africa - April 17th, 2010

Several lakes can be seen in Central Africa, by the borders of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (upper right), Zambia (lower left), Tanzania (upper right) and Malawi (lower right). Most of these borders are near the three large lakes visible: Lake Tanganyika, Lake Rukwa and Lake Malawi.

Only the southern end of Lake Tanganyika (blue, upper left corner) and the northern end of Lake Malawi (blue, lower right corner) are visible; however, these lakes are quite large and are considered to be two of the Great Lakes of Africa. These great lakes are located in and around the geographic Great Rift Valley formed by the action of the tectonic East African Rift. Lake Rukwa (brown with sediments, above) is a Rift Valley lake although not considered one of the African Great Lakes.

Lake Edward and Nearby Rivers, Democratic Republic of the Congo

0.3S 29.6E

April 7th, 2010 Category: Lakes, Rivers

Democratic Republic of the Congo - March 5th, 2010

Democratic Republic of the Congo - March 5th, 2010

Sun glint causes Lake Edward to appear silvery white and nearby rivers to look like white lightning bolts zig-zagging across the lush green landscape of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Lake Edward is located in the western Great Rift Valley, on the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Uganda, with its northern shore a few kilometers south of the Equator. It is the smallest of the African Great Lakes.

Lake Edward lies at an elevation of 920 metres, is 77 km long by 40 km wide at its maximum points, and covers a total surface area of 2,325 km² (the 15th largest on the continent).

It is fed by the Nyamugasani, the Ishasha, the Rutshuru, and the Rwindi rivers. It empties to the north via the Semliki River into Lake Albert. Lake George to the northeast empties into Lake Edward via the Kazinga Channel.

The western escarpment of the Great Rift Valley towers up to 2000 m above the western shore of the lake. The southern and eastern shores are flat lava plains. The Ruwenzori Mountains lie 20 km north of the lake.

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