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Posts tagged Afghanistan

Hills and Desert in Pakistan’s Chagai District, on the Afghan Border

28.8N 64.4E

March 28th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Pakistan - March 5th, 2010

Pakistan - March 5th, 2010

From bottom to top, this image reaches from the coast of Pakistan along the Arabian Sea, across several areas of hills and mountains, to the desert of southern Afghanistan. Towards the center are two areas of hills surrounded by desert, in the Chagai District of Pakistan by the Afghan border.

Chagai is the largest district of Pakistan (total area 50,545 km²), and is located on the north west corner of Balochistan, Pakistan, where it forms a triangular border with Afghanistan and Iran. It is located in the extreme west of Pakistan and comprises the belt which lies south of the Pakistan-Afghanistan boundary, from the Sarlath Hills on the east to Koh-i-Malik Siah on the west, with a length of about 576 kilometres and an average breadth of 80 kilometres.

The district is bound on the north by the desert region of Afghanistan (which lies south of the Helmand River), on the east by the Sarlath Hill Range and Kalat District, on the south by Kharan District and on the west by Iran. The northern boundary of the district, which separates it from Afghanistan, was demarcated in 1896 by a joint Afghan-British Commission. The western border with Iran was demarcated by a joint Pakistan-Iran Commission in 1959.

Safīd Mountain Range on Pakistan-Afghanistan Border

33.8N 70.0E

March 12th, 2010 Category: Mountains

Pakistan and Afghanistan - February 5th, 2010

Pakistan and Afghanistan - February 5th, 2010

Safēd Kōh (meaning “White Mountain” in Persian), also known as the Safīd Mountain Range or Morga Range, is a mountain range on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. It reaches up to 4,761 m (15,620 ft) above sea-level at Mount Sikaram, straight and rigid, towering above all surrounding hills.

Except for a narrow trough cut by the Kābul River, which breaks through the mountains to flow eastward into the Indus River, the range connects directly with the Shandūr offshoot of the Hindu Kush mountain system.

The small white dot visible just below the mountains on the left side of this orthorectified image is the city of Parachinar. It is situated on a neck of Pakistani territory south of Peshawar, that juts into Paktia Province in Afghanistan. This area is the closest point in Pakistan to Kabul and borders on the Tora Bora region in Afghanistan.

The Kyzylsu River and Mountains of Southern Tajikistan

37.9N 69.7E

November 30th, 2009 Category: Rivers

Tajikistan - October 5th, 2009

Tajikistan - October 5th, 2009

Landlocked Tajikistan is the smallest nation in Central Asia by area. It is covered by mountains of the Pamir range, and more than fifty percent of the country is over 3,000 meters (approx. 10,000 ft) above sea level. This orthorectified image focuses on the mountains in the south near the city of Tulob (or Tulyab) and the border with Afghanistan.

Visible in the Kyzylsu Valley (left) is the Kyzylsu River, which rises on the southern slopes of the Vakhsh Range in the north-east of Tajikistan’s Khatlon Province and runs south-west for a length of 230 km until joining Panj River on the border with Afghanistan. Near Kulob it merges with the Yakhsu River as a major left tributary. The river irrigates the cotton-growing Kyzylsu Valley between Kulob and Panj in the south-east of Khatlon Province.

Diverse Terrain of Pakistan

29.1N 70.6E

November 21st, 2009 Category: Rivers

Pakistan - October 5th, 2009

Pakistan - October 5th, 2009

Pakistan covers 340,403 square miles (881,640 km2), approximately equalling the combined land areas of France and the United Kingdom. Its eastern regions are located on the Indian tectonic plate and the western and northern regions on the Iranian plateau and Eurasian landplate.

Apart from the 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) Arabian Sea coastline, Pakistan’s land borders total 6,774 kilometres—2,430 kilometres (1,509 mi) with Afghanistan to the northwest (upper left), 523 kilometres (325 mi) with China to the northeast, 2,912 kilometres (1,809 mi) with India to the east (right) and 909 kilometres (565 mi) with Iran to the southwest (lower left).

The northern and western highlands of Pakistan contain the towering Karakoram and Pamir mountain ranges, which incorporate some of the world’s highest peaks, including K2 (28,250 ft; 8,611 m) and Nanga Parbat (26,660 ft; 8,126 m). A small part of these mountain ranges is visible in the upper right corner.

The Balochistan Plateau lies to the west, and the Thar Desert and an expanse of alluvial plains, the Punjab and Sind, lie to the east. The 1,000-mile-long (1,609-km) Indus River and its tributaries flow through the country from the Kashmir region to the Arabian Sea. The river’s course can be clearly seen through the center of this image, reaching from the mountains in the north to the sea in the south.

Pakistan has four seasons: a cool, dry winter from December through February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, or southwest monsoon period, from June through September; and the retreating monsoon period of October and November. The onset and duration of these seasons vary somewhat according to location. Rainfall can vary radically from year to year, and successive patterns of flooding and drought are also not uncommon.

Dust Storm Spreads from Afghanistan into Pakistan

July 1st, 2009 Category: Dust Storms

Dust over Afghanistan and Pakistan - June 30th, 2009

Dust over Afghanistan and Pakistan - June 30th, 2009

Dust plumes

Dust plumes

A dust storm blows particles from Afghanistan into Pakistan. Two main plumes of dust are visible sweeping over the border in an southeasterly arch.

The close-up focuses on the main plumes, showing the movement of the dust particles as they are carried by strong air currents.

Upon opening the full image, dust can also be seen blowing to the northeast over the coast of Oman (below).