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Posts tagged Afghanistan

Dust Storm in Afghanistan Near Pamir Mountains – October 9th, 2011

34.3N 69.6E

October 9th, 2011 Category: Dust Storms, Image of the day

Afghanistan and Pakistan - October 6th, 2011

A large dust storm in Afghanistan is visible as a light tan cloud in the upper left quadrant of this image. The Pamir Mountains prevent the dust from spreading further east/northeast.

To the southeast, in Pakistan, part of the Indus River Valley can be seen clearly as a wide green area traversed by tan, sediment-loaded rivers.

Helmand River Crossing Afghanistan

30.4N 63.3E

July 1st, 2011 Category: Deserts, Rivers

Afghanistan - June 21st, 2011

The Helmand River can be seen crossing the desert of Afghanistan in the lower part of this image. It is the longest river in the country and the primary watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin.

The Helmand river stretches for 1,150 km (715 miles). It rises in the Hindu Kush mountains and then crosses south-west through the desert of Dashti Margo, to the Seistan marshes and the Hamun-i-Helmand lake region around Zabol at the Afghan-Iranian border.

Desert Sands and Rivers in Sistan Basin, Afghanistan

30.7N 64.4E

May 6th, 2011 Category: Deserts, Rivers

Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran - May 2nd, 2011

The Sistan Basin is an inland endorheic basin encompassing large parts of southwestern Afghanistan and southeastern Iran, one of the driest regions in the world and an area subjected to prolonged droughts. Here, many sand dunes can be observed in its driest parts.

Its watershed is a system of rivers flowing from the highlands of Afghanistan into freshwater lakes and marshes and then to its ultimate destination: Afghanistan’s saline Godzareh depression, part of the extensive Sistan terminal basin.

The Helmand River, appearing here as a thick green line running above areas of sand dunes,  drains the basin’s largest watershed, fed mainly by snowmelt from the mountains of Hindu Kush, but other rivers contribute also.

The Helmand River Crossing Desert in Afghanistan

30.5N 63.6E

April 2nd, 2011 Category: Deserts, Lakes

Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan - March 23rd, 2011

A large, sandy desert can be observed in southern Afghanistan, near the border with Iran (west) and Pakistan (east). Running across the desert is the Helmand River, the longest river in Afghanistan and the primarily watershed for the endorheic Sistan Basin.

The Helmand river stretches for 1,150 km (715 miles). It rises in the Hindu Kush mountains, about 80 km (50 miles) west of Kabul. It crosses south-west through the desert of Dashti Margo, to the Seistan marshes and the Hamun-i-Helmand lake region around Zabol at the Afghan-Iranian border.

The river remains relatively salt-free for much of its length, unlike most rivers with no outlet to the sea. This river is used extensively for irrigation, although a buildup of mineral salts has decreased its usefulness in watering crops.

Sandy Desert on Afghanistan-Pakistan Border

30.3N 63.7E

December 31st, 2010 Category: Deserts, Rivers

Pakistan, Afghanistan and Iran - December 26th, 2010

This image stretches of Pakistan (right), across Afghanistan (above) to part of Iran (left). Part of the Indus River and Valley, in Pakistan, can be observed as a thick green line in the lower right quadrant.

The tan area surrounded by mountains in the image center is the desert of southern Afghanistan, which reaches over the Pakistan border. The two rows of hills at the bottom of this desert are located in the Chagai District of Pakistan.