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Western Caucasus Mountains

43.3N 42.4E

July 30th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Western Caucasus, Russia and Georgia - June 21st, 2009

Western Caucasus, Russia and Georgia - June 21st, 2009

The Western Caucasus is a western region of the Caucasus Mountains from the Black Sea to Mount Elbrus (right edge), along the border of Russia (above) and Georgia (below). The peaks of the mountains are white with snow, while the surrounding forest is dark green. Rivers flowing down from the mountains spills sediments into the Black Sea.

According to UNESCO specialists, the Western Caucasus is the only large mountain area in Europe that has not experienced significant human impact. Its habitats are exceptionally varied for such a small area, ranging from lowlands to glaciers.

The area contains the Caucasian State Nature Biosphere Reserve in Krasnodar Krai, Adygea and Karachay-Cherkessia, created to preserve some 85 m-high specimens of the Nordmann Fir, thought to be the tallest trees in Europe, and a unique forest formed by English Yew and European Box.

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