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Valleys and Ridges of the Central Siberian Plateau, Russia

59.2N 86.3E

June 14th, 2009 Category: Rivers, Snapshots

Russia - June 8th, 2009

Russia - June 8th, 2009

Ridges and valleys

Ridges and valleys

The Central Siberian Plateau is made up of sharply demarcated surfaces of varying altitudes. The plateau, extending over an area of 3.5 million kmĀ², occupies most of Siberia between the Yenisei and Lena Rivers. However, its major river is the Lower Tunguska, which can be seen snaking its way around the foot of the mountains in the lower part of main image.

Here, the snow present at higher altitudes, but absent in lower-laying valleys, accentuates the ridges of the terrain. In the close-up, rivers are visible flowing through each of the snow-free valleys.

To the north of the plateau are the Putoran Mountains while to the south are the Eastern Sayan and the Baikal Mountains. To the east the plateau, the mountainous terrain gives way to the low-lying land of the Yakuts.

The climate is continental, with short warm summers and long and very cold winters. Most of the territory is covered with conifer forests. Known geologically as the Siberian Traps, mineral resources here are very rich and include coal, iron ore, gold, diamonds and natural gas.

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