Timor and Nearby Islands in Maritime Southeast Asia9.8S 124.3E
Timor is an island at the southern end of Maritime Southeast Asia, north of the Timor Sea. The largest island in this image, it is divided between the independent state of East Timor (or Timor-Leste), and West Timor, belonging to the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara.
The island’s surface is 11,883 square miles (30,777 km²). The name is a variant of timur, Malay for “east”; it is so called because it is at the east end of a chain of islands. The closest of these islands belong to the Alor Archipelago (due north of West Timor), which in turn is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands.
Visible below the southwestern tip of Timor is the island of Rote, while the island above the northeastern end is called Wetar, part of the Barat Daya Islands, including Wetar.
Timor has older geology and lacks the volcanic nature of the northern Lesser Sunda Islands. The orientation of the main axis of the island also differs from its neighbors. These features have been explained as the result of being on the northern edge of the Indo-Australian Plate as it pushes into Southeast Asia.