The State of Paraná, Brazil
Parts of the Brazilian states of Paraná and São Paulo are visible here. Their capital cities, Curitiba and São Paulo, respectively, are located near the coast. Both appear as tan areas amidst the dark green, a bit inland; Curitiba at the center right and São Paulo to the North at the far right.
The state of Paraná includes two geographic regions: a narrow coastal zone that that is home to the Serra do Mar coastal forests, and a high plateau (2500 to 3000 feet) whose precipitous, deeply eroded eastern escarpments are known as the Serra do Mar or Serra do Cubatão.
The southern and central portions of the state are covered by the Araucaria moist forests, one of the most important subtropical forests of the world, and have large tracts of yerba mate, a plant used to make tea.
The plateau slopes westward to the Paraná River, upper left quadrant, which marks the state’s western boundary. Here, the plateau is well watered and moderately fertile, and has a remarkably uniform climate of a mild temperate character.
Finally, the lower western and northern portions of the state are covered by the Paraná-Paraíba interior forests ecoregion.