The Palk Strait and Gulf of Mannar Between Sri Lanka and India9.1N 79.5E
The island of Sri Lanka is separated from the Indian subcontinent by two bodies of water: the Gulf of Mannar (below the islands near the bottom edge) and the Palk Strait (occupying the central part of the image). While most of the land in the image belongs to coastal Sri Lanka, India’s Rameswaram island can be seen at the bottom left. Upon opening the full image, the low headland of Point Calimere on India’s Coromandel Coast can also be seen in the upper left corner.
The Gulf of Mannar, best observed upon opening the full image, is a large shallow bay that is an arm of the Laccadive Sea in the Indian Ocean. It lies between the southeastern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka with widths between 160 and 200 km (100 to 125 mi). A chain of low islands and reefs known as Adam’s Bridge, also called Ramsethu, separates the Gulf of Mannar from the Palk Strait, which lies to the north between India and Sri Lanka.