The Fertile Indo-Gangetic Plain, India
The Indo-Gangetic Plain (also known as the Northern Plain and the North Indian River Plain) is a large and fertile plain, appearing dark green and brown, in contrast to the snow-covered mountains above.
It encompasses most of northern and eastern India, the most populous parts of Pakistan, and virtually all of Bangladesh. The section visible here is around the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India.
The plain is bound to the north by the abruptly rising Himalayas, which feed its numerous rivers and are the source of the fertile alluvium deposited across the region by the two river systems.
The southern edge of the plain is marked by the Vindhya- and Satpura Range, and the Chota Nagpur Plateau. On the west rises the Iranian Plateau.
The plain is named after the Indus and the Ganges, the twin river systems that drain it.
The region is one of the most populated areas on Earth, being home to nearly 900 million people (or over 1/7th of the world’s population).