The City and Metropolitan Area of São Paulo, Brazil23.5S 46.6W
São Paulo is located in Southeastern Brazil, in southeastern São Paulo State. The city is located on a plateau that is part of the Serra do Mar (Portuguese for “Sea Range”), itself a component of the vast region known as the Brazilian Highlands, with an average elevation of around 799 metres (2,620 ft) above sea level – though at a distance of only about 70 kilometers (43 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean.
Rolling terrain prevails within the urbanized areas of São Paulo except in the North of the city, where the Serra da Cantareira Range boasts higher elevations and a sizable remnant of the Atlantic Rain Forest.
São Paulo is the largest city in Brazil, and the world’s 7th largest metropolitan area. The city is the capital of the state of São Paulo, the most populous Brazilian state.
The city also lies at the center of the heavily urbanized São Paulo metropolitan area, with an estimated 19.889.559 people in 2009 over 7,944 square kilometers (3,067.2 sq mi), is the largest metropolitan area in the nation. Depending on which definition is used, the São Paulo metropolitan area is ranked as either the first or second most populous in the Americas.