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The Basque Country, France and Spain

43.0N 1.1W

June 13th, 2009 Category: Snapshots

Border of France and Spain - May 30th, 2009

Border of France and Spain - May 30th, 2009

The Basque Country as a cultural region is a European region in the western Pyrenees that spans the border between France and Spain, on the Atlantic coast. It comprises the autonomous communities of the Basque Country and Navarre in Spain and the Northern Basque Country in France, now part of the Aquitaine region.

The Basque Country lies between the rivers Aturri to the north and the Ebro to the south. It can also be divided into two great watersheds: the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. The mountain chains of the Pyrenees, Aralar, Aizkorri and Gorbeia form a dividing line between the two.

The climatic variation, in turn, gives rise to significant differences in scenery, including mountains, valleys, plains and a coastline along the Atlantic part. The area in this Atlantic area is mountainous, as the Pyrenees extend almost to the sea, or the Bay of Biscay.

Here, some of the Pyrenees peaks are still snow-capped. A few lakes are visible in this mountainous area; however, great lakes, such as those that fill the lateral valleys of the Alps, are absent.

The coastal area along the Bay of Biscay is lush and green, with some sediments spilling into the bay from the Adour River. South of the mountains and southeast of the coast, much of the Spanish terrain appears tan and dry, although agriculture is present along the rivers and streams.

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